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Census Tract Demographic-Economic Estimates & Projections

May 2017. Census tract demographics are used in wide-ranging public and private sector applications to examine patterns and characteristics of sub-county areas. Tract level data from Census 2000, Census 2010 and the American Community Survey (ACS) can be used to analyze trade/market areas, neighborhoods and other small area study areas. But what about more current data and trends since 2010? What about business establishment data and other subject matter not included in either the census or ACS data?

There are no current demographic-economic census tract data available from the Census Bureau or other Federal statistical programs. Annually released ACS 5-year estimates are available by census tract but are for 5-year periods and out-of-date. The most recent census tract level ACS data are based on the ACS 2015 5-year estimates (ACS 1115). Those data are not for the year 2015 but estimates for ACS survey respondents for the 5 year period 2011-2015; centric to mid-2013.

ProximityOne Census Tract Estimates & Projections
ProximityOne provides annual U.S. national scope census tract demographic-economic-business estimates and projections for the period 2010 through 2022 (2017 vintage). This section provides information about these estimates and projections. These census tract level data are part of the ProximityOne Situation & Outlook database and information system.

Annual census tract level estimates and projections are available for the period 2010 through 2022. "5-year projections" are updated and extended annually. For the 2017 vintage estimates and projections, the estimates are for 2010 through 2017. The projections are for the period 2018 through 2022. The 2018 vintage data (released in mid-2018) extend the projections by one year to 2023.

Tract estimates and projections are developed using holistic, metro/county-centric, integrated demographic-economic-business models. We use a range of sub-county data to document change at the tract and sub-tract levels. These data include USPS delivery data; motor vehicle registrations; building permits, completions and occupancy data; housing sales; business establishment and attributes data and special developments that have or may have an impact on sub-county demographic-economic change.

Tract geography is based on Census 2010 tract tabulation areas. Tract codes are uniquely identified on a national scale with the 11 character GEOID. The GEOID is comprised of the state FIPS code (2), county FIPS codes (3) and census tract code (6). All tract codes (6 character part of the GEOID) are the same annually from 2010 through the projection period. The state and county codes are the codes in the most recent annual TIHER digital map database (as defined in the U.S. county file).

Tract estimates and projections subject matter are summarized below. These data are also available summarized to the county, metro/CBSA, state and U.S. national level.

Demographic-Economic Subject Matter -- scroll section
  -- additional custom-specified subject matter estimate/projections available
State Code
County Code
Census Tract Code
GEOID - 11 character state|county|tract code
Components of change and group quarters
  Total population
  Births
  Deaths
  Domestic migration
  International migration
  Group quarters population
AGE AND GENDER
Population - Male
Population - Female
Population - Under 5 years
Population - 5 to 9 years
Population - 10 to 14 years
Population - 15 to 19 years
Population - 20 to 24 years
Population - 25 to 29 years
Population - 30 to 34 years
Population - 35 to 39 years
Population - 40 to 44 years
Population - 45 to 49 years
Population - 50 to 54 years
Population - 55 to 59 years
Population - 60 to 64 years
Population - 65 to 69 years
Population - 70 to 74 years
Population - 75 to 79 years
Population - 80 to 84 years
Population - 85 years and over
Population - Median age (years)
Population - 1 year and over
Population - 5 years and over
Population - 15 years and over
Population - 16 years and over
Population - 18 years and over
Population - 21 years and over
Population - 25 years and over
Population - 62 years and over
Population - 65 years and over
RACE/ORIGIN
Total population
Population - One race
Population - One race - White
Population - One race - Black or African American
Population - One race - American Indian and Alaska Native
Population - One race - Asian
Population - One race - Asian - Asian Indian
Population - One race - Asian - Chinese
Population - One race - Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
Population - One race - Some other race
Population - Two or more races
Population - Hispanic or Latino (of any race)
HOUSEHOLDS BY TYPE
Total households
Total households - Households by type - Family households (families)
Total households - Households by type - Family households (families) - Married-couple family
Total households - Households by type - Nonfamily households
Total households - Households by type - Nonfamily households - Householder living alone
Total households - Households by type - Nonfamily households - Householder living alone - 65 years and over
Total households - Households by type - Households with one or more people under 18 years
Total households - Households by type - Households with one or more people 65 years and over
Total households - Average household size
Total households - Average family size
RELATIONSHIP
Population in households
Population in households - Relationship - Householder
Population in households - Relationship - Spouse
Population in households - Relationship - Child
Population in households - Relationship - Other relatives
>MARITAL STATUS
Population 15 years and over
Population 15 years and over - Marital status - Never married
Population 15 years and over - Marital status - Now married, except separated
Population 15 years and over - Marital status - Separated
Population 15 years and over - Marital status - Widowed
Population 15 years and over - Marital status - Divorced
SCHOOL ENROLLMENT
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school - Nursery school, preschool
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school - Kindergarten
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school - Elementary school (grades 1-8)
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school - High school (grades 9-12)
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school - College or graduate school
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
Population 25 years and over
Population 25 years and over - Educational attainment - Less than 9th grade
Population 25 years and over - Educational attainment - 9th to 12th grade, no diploma
Population 25 years and over - Educational attainment - High school graduate (includes equivalency)
Population 25 years and over - Educational attainment - Some college, no degree
Population 25 years and over - Educational attainment - Associate's degree
Population 25 years and over - Educational attainment - Bachelor's degree
Population 25 years and over - Educational attainment - Graduate or professional degree
Population 25 years and over - Educational attainment - Percent high school graduate or higher
Population 25 years and over - Educational attainment - Percent bachelor's degree or higher
RESIDENCE 1 YEAR AGO
Population 1 year and over
Population 1 year and over - Residence 1 year ago - Same house
Population 1 year and over - Residence 1 year ago - Different house in the U.S.
Population 1 year and over - Residence 1 year ago - Abroad
PLACE OF BIRTH
Total population
Population - Native
Population - Foreign born
U.S. CITIZENSHIP STATUS
Population - Foreign born
Population - Foreign born - U.S. citizenship status - Naturalized U.S. citizen
Population - Foreign born - U.S. citizenship status - Not a U.S. citizen
LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME
Population 5 years and over
Language spoken at home - Population 5 years and over - English only
Language spoken at home - Population 5 years and over - Language other than English
Language spoken at home - Population 5 years and over - Language other than English - Speak English less than "very well"
EMPLOYMENT STATUS
Population16 years and over
Population16 years and over - In labor force
Population16 years and over - In labor force - Civilian labor force
Population16 years and over - In labor force - Civilian labor force - Employed
Population16 years and over - In labor force - Civilian labor force - Unemployed
Population16 years and over - In labor force - Armed Forces
Population16 years and over - Not in labor force
Population16 years and over - In labor force - Civilian labor force - Percent Unemployed
EMPLOYMENT BY OCCUPATION
Population - Civilian employed population 16 years and over
Civilian employed population 16 years and over by occupation - Management, business, science, and arts occupations
Civilian employed population 16 years and over by occupation - Service occupations
Civilian employed population 16 years and over by occupation - Sales and office occupations
Civilian employed population 16 years and over by occupation - Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations
Civilian employed population 16 years and over by occupation - Production, transportation, and material moving occupations
EMPLOYMENT BY INDUSTRY
Civilian employed population 16 years and over
Civilian employed population 16 years and over by industry - Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining
Civilian employed population 16 years and over by industry - Construction
Civilian employed population 16 years and over by industry - Manufacturing
Civilian employed population 16 years and over by industry - Wholesale trade
Civilian employed population 16 years and over by industry - Retail trade
Civilian employed population 16 years and over by industry - Transportation and warehousing, and utilities
Civilian employed population 16 years and over by industry - Information
Civilian employed population 16 years and over by industry - Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing
Civilian employed population 16 years and over by industry - Professional, scientific, & management, & administrative & waste management services
Civilian employed population 16 years and over by industry - Educational services, and health care and social assistance
Civilian employed population 16 years and over by industry - Arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services
Civilian employed population 16 years and over by industry - Other services, except public administration
Civilian employed population 16 years and over - Public administration
EMPLOYMENT BY CLASS OF WORKER
Civilian employed population 16 years and over
Civilian employed population 16 years and over - Class of worker - Private wage and salary workers
Civilian employed population 16 years and over - Class of worker - Government workers
Civilian employed population 16 years and over - Class of worker - Self-employed in own not incorporated business workers
Civilian employed population 16 years and over - Class of worker - Unpaid family workers
INCOME AND BENEFITS
Total households
Total households with income - Less than $10,000
Total households with income - $10,000 to $14,999
Total households with income - $15,000 to $24,999
Total households with income - $25,000 to $34,999
Total households with income - $35,000 to $49,999
Total households with income - $50,000 to $74,999
Total households with income - $75,000 to $99,999
Total households with income - $100,000 to $149,999
Total households with income - $150,000 to $199,999
Total households with income - $200,000 or more
Total households with income - Median household income (dollars)
Total households with income - Mean household income (dollars)
Total Families
Total families with income - Less than $10,000
Total families with income - $10,000 to $14,999
Total families with income - $15,000 to $24,999
Total families with income - $25,000 to $34,999
Total families with income - $35,000 to $49,999
Total families with income - $50,000 to $74,999
Total families with income - $75,000 to $99,999
Total families with income - $100,000 to $149,999
Total families with income - $150,000 to $199,999
Total families with income - $200,000 or more
Total families with income - Median family income (dollars)
Total families with income - Mean family income (dollars)
Per capita income (dollars)
PERCENT OF FAMILIES & PEOPLE WITH INCOME PAST 12 MONTHS BELOW THE POVERTY LEVEL
Percent in poverty - All families
Percent in poverty - Married couple families
Percent in poverty - Families with female householder, no husband present
Percent in poverty - All people
Percent in poverty - Under 18 years
Percent in poverty - 18 years and over
HOUSING OCCUPANCY
Total housing units
Total housing units - Occupancy - Occupied housing units
Total housing units - Occupancy - Vacant housing units
Total housing units - Homeowner vacancy rate
Total housing units - Rental vacancy rate
UNITS IN STRUCTURE
Total housing units
Total housing units - Units in structure - 1-unit, detached
Total housing units - Units in structure - 1-unit, attached
Total housing units - Units in structure - 2 units
Total housing units - Units in structure - 3 or 4 units
Total housing units - Units in structure - 5 to 9 units
Total housing units - Units in structure - 10 to 19 units
Total housing units - Units in structure - 20 or more units
Total housing units - Units in structure - Other (mobile home, boat, RV, etc.)
YEAR STRUCTURE BUILT
Total housing units
Total housing units - Year structure built - 2015 or later
Total housing units - Year structure built - 2000 to 2010
Total housing units - Year structure built - 1990 to 1999
Total housing units - Year structure built - 1980 to 1989
Total housing units - Year structure built - 1970 to 1979
Total housing units - Year structure built - 1960 to 1969
Total housing units - Year structure built - 1950 to 1959
Total housing units - Year structure built - 1940 to 1949
Total housing units - Year structure built - 1939 or earlier
ROOMS
Total housing units
Total housing units - Rooms - 1 room
Total housing units - Rooms - 2 rooms
Total housing units - Rooms - 3 rooms
Total housing units - Rooms - 4 rooms
Total housing units - Rooms - 5 rooms
Total housing units - Rooms - 6 rooms
Total housing units - Rooms - 7 rooms
Total housing units - Rooms - 8 rooms
Total housing units - Rooms - 9 rooms or more
Total housing units - Median rooms
BEDROOMS
Total housing units
Total housing units - Bedrooms - No bedroom
Total housing units - Bedrooms - 1 bedroom
Total housing units - Bedrooms - 2 bedrooms
Total housing units - Bedrooms - 3 bedrooms
Total housing units - Bedrooms - 4 bedrooms
Total housing units - Bedrooms - 5 or more bedrooms
HOUSING TENURE
Occupied housing units
Occupied housing units - Owner-occupied
Occupied housing units - Renter-occupied
Average household size of owner-occupied unit
Average household size of renter-occupied unit
YEAR HOUSEHOLDER MOVED INTO UNIT
Occupied housing units
Occupied housing units - Year Householder moved into unit - 2015 or later
Occupied housing units - Year Householder moved into unit - 2010 to 2014
Occupied housing units - Year Householder moved into unit - 2000 to 2009
Occupied housing units - Year Householder moved into unit - 1990 to 1999
Occupied housing units - Year Householder moved into unit - 1980 to 1989
Occupied housing units - Year Householder moved into unit - 1979 or earlier
VEHICLES AVAILABLE
Occupied housing units
Occupied housing units - Vehicles - No vehicles available
Occupied housing units - Vehicles - 1 vehicle available
Occupied housing units - Vehicles - 2 vehicles available
Occupied housing units - Vehicles - 3 or more vehicles available
HOUSE HEATING FUEL
Occupied housing units
Occupied housing units - House heating fuel - Utility gas
Occupied housing units - House heating fuel - Bottled, tank, or LP gas
Occupied housing units - House heating fuel - Electricity
Occupied housing units - House heating fuel - Fuel oil, kerosene, etc.
Occupied housing units - House heating fuel - Coal or coke
Occupied housing units - House heating fuel - Wood
Occupied housing units - House heating fuel - Solar energy
Occupied housing units - House heating fuel - Other fuel
Occupied housing units - House heating fuel - No fuel used
SELECTED CHARACTERISTICS
Occupied housing units
Occupied housing units - Selected Characteristics - Lacking complete plumbing facilities
Occupied housing units - Selected Characteristics - Lacking complete kitchen facilities
Occupied housing units - Selected Characteristics - No telephone service available
OCCUPANTS PER ROOM
Occupied housing units
Occupied housing units - Occupants per room - 1.00 or less
Occupied housing units - Occupants per room - 1.01 to 1.50
Occupied housing units - Occupants per room - 1.51 or more
VALUE
Occupied housing units
Occupied housing units - Value - Less than $50,000
Occupied housing units - Value - $50,000 to $99,999
Occupied housing units - Value - $100,000 to $149,999
Occupied housing units - Value - $150,000 to $199,999
Occupied housing units - Value - $200,000 to $299,999
Occupied housing units - Value - $300,000 to $499,999
Occupied housing units - Value - $500,000 to $999,999
Occupied housing units - Value - $1,000,000 or more
Occupied housing units - Value - Median (dollars)
MORTGAGE STATUS
Owner-occupied housing units
Owner-occupied housing units - Mortgage status - Housing units with a mortgage
Owner-occupied housing units - Mortgage status - Housing units without a mortgage
SELECTED MONTHLY OWNER COSTS (SMOC)
Housing units SMOC
Housing units SMOC - Less than $500
Housing units SMOC - $500 to $999
Housing units SMOC - $1,000 to $1,499
Housing units SMOC - $1,500 to $1,999
Housing units SMOC - $2,000 to $2,499
Housing units SMOC - $2,500 to $2,999
Housing units SMOC - $3,000 or more
Housing units SMOC - Median (dollars)
SELECTED MONTHLY OWNER COSTS AS A PERCENT OF HOUSEHOLD INCOME (SMOCAPI)
Housing units (excluding units where SMOCAPI cannot be computed)
SMOCAPI - Less than 20.0 percent
SMOCAPI - 20.0 to 24.9 percent
SMOCAPI - 25.0 to 29.9 percent
SMOCAPI - 30.0 to 34.9 percent
SMOCAPI - 35.0 percent or more
SMOCAPI - Not computed
GROSS RENT
Occupied units paying rent
Occupied units paying rent - Gross rent - Less than $200
Occupied units paying rent - Gross rent - $200 to $299
Occupied units paying rent - Gross rent - $300 to $499
Occupied units paying rent - Gross rent - $500 to $749
Occupied units paying rent - Gross rent - $750 to $999
Occupied units paying rent - Gross rent - $1,000 to $1,499
Occupied units paying rent - Gross rent - $1,500 or more
Occupied units paying rent - Gross rent - Median (dollars)
Occupied units paying rent - Gross rent - No rent paid
GROSS RENT AS A PERCENTAGE OF HOUSEHOLD INCOME (GRAPI)
Occupied units paying rent (excluding units where GRAPI cannot be computed)
GRAPI - Less than 15.0 percent
GRAPI - 15.0 to 19.9 percent
GRAPI - 20.0 to 24.9 percent
GRAPI - 25.0 to 29.9 percent
GRAPI - 30.0 to 34.9 percent
GRAPI - 35.0 percent or more
GRAPI - Not computed

Accessing & Using the Estimates and Projections
There are several ways the census tract demographic-economic estimates and projections may be accessed and used.

  • Data File License. Licensed for use in the form of a data file (one year renewable)
  • Integrated with CVXEGIS/Modeler Software -- geospatially analysis; data linkage
    .. ready-to-use GIS projects with integrated tract-county-metro-state- national estimates & projections
  • SiteReport -- create custom geographic area reports/analyses
  • On Demand/Web interface
    .. illustrative demographic-economic profile
    .. view in context with map & adjacent tracts

Contact us (888.364.7656) to discuss what works best for you.

About Census Tract Geography and Codes (scroll section)
Census tracts are defined by the Census Bureau and organized as sub-county building blocks. Census tracts are small geographic areas, designed to average 4,000 population, but vary widely. Census tracts cover the U.S. wall-to-wall provide a good geographic granularity to meet many needs. Unchanging throughout the decade, census tract boundaries are subject to update for each decennial census. Major changes occurred with Census 2010 vintage census tracts as the approximate 65,000 Census 2000 census tracts expanded to 73,057 Census 2010 census tracts.

Census tracts were first designed to be relatively homogeneous with respect to population characteristics, economic status, and living conditions. Over time, with demographic shifts, census tracts are often no longer so homogenous. However, tracts do closely approximate neighborhoods/neighborhood parts for many areas. The geographic size of census tracts varies widely depending on the density of settlement. Census tract boundaries are delineated with the intention of being maintained over many decades so that statistical comparisons can be made from decennial census to decennial census. Census tracts may be split due to population growth or combined as a result of substantial population decline.

Census tracts were initially identified by a four-digit basic number and with a two-digit numeric suffix; for example, 6059.02. This version of the tract code is shown in column 3 in the ranking table. The decimal point separating the four-digit basic tract number from the two-digit suffix has been historically shown in printed reports and maps. Many census tracts do not have a suffix; in such cases, the suffix field is either left blank or is zero-filled. Census tract suffixes may range from .01 to .98. These optionally ways of assigning census tract geocodes or handles has led to some vagueness potentially creating problems in handling now common spreadsheet or CSV files.

The national scope uniquely identifying tract geocode is the 11 character code shown in column 4 in the ranking table. The tract geocode is of the form SSCCCTTTTTT where SS is the FIPS state code, CCC is the county FIPS code and TTTTTT is the Census assigned tract code. In the tract geocode, there are never blanks or dots and lead zeroes are used for each the state, county and tract code components. This is the recommended tract unique identifier.

Impact of Census 2010 Census Tract Codes Changes
An important feature of census tract codes and corresponding geographic area is that they typically do not change from one census to the next. The Census Bureau has made changes to some Census 2010 census tract codes and areas in New York following tabulation of the Census 2010 results. ACS 2011 tract estimates, future ACS census tract estimates and non-Census estimates and projections are impacted. These changes impact the structure and number of census tracts in New York and as a result the number and sequencing national scope census tracts. As of Census 2010, there were 73,057 census tracts (states and D.C.); there are now 73,056 census tracts. These changes do not impact tracts/tract data confined to single states other than New York.

For the 2011 ACS data release, there are tract numbering changes and geographic definition changes to census tracts in Madison, Oneida and Richmond counties, New York. The census tract changes in Madison and Oneida Counties are the result of changes to the Oneida American Indian Reservation boundary after the 2010 Census tract definitions had been finalized.

Madison County, New York (36053)
In Madison County, the numbering of nine census tracts changed, but their geographic definitions remain the same as their 2010 census tract definitions.
Census Tract 9401.01 is now 0301.01
Census Tract 9401.02 is now 0301.02
Census Tract 9401.03 is now 0301.03
Census Tract 9402.00 is now 0302.00
Census Tract 9403.00 is now 0303.00
Census Tract 9404.01 is now 0304.01
Census Tract 9404.03 is now 0304.03
Census Tract 9406.00 is now 0306.00
Census Tract 9407.00 is now 0304.02

Oneida County, New York (36065)
In Oneida County, the numbering of three tracts changed, and there is a geographic definition change that affects two tracts.
Census Tract 9400.00 is now 0248.00
Census Tract 9401.00 is now 0247.00

(2010) Census Tract 9402.00 forms a portion of (2011) tract 0249.00
Part of (2010) Census Tract 0230.00 forms a portion of (2011) tract 0249.00
Part of (2010) Census Tract 0230.00 is now (2011) tract 0230.00

Richmond County, New York (36085)
Census Tract 0089.00 merged into Census Tract 0097.00. The area merged into Census Tract 0097.00 is entirely water.

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Additional Information
ProximityOne develops geographic-demographic-economic data and analytical tools and helps organizations knit together and use diverse data in a decision-making and analytical framework. We develop custom demographic/economic estimates and projections, develop geographic and geocoded address files, and assist with impact and geospatial analyses. Wide-ranging organizations use our tools (software, data, methodologies) to analyze their own data integrated with other data. Follow ProximityOne on Twitter at www.twitter.com/proximityone. Contact ProximityOne (888-364-7656) with questions about data covered in this section or to discuss custom estimates, projections or analyses for your areas of interest.


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