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Analyzing Group Quarters Population

March 2020. .. population living housing facilities other than households .. based on Census Bureau estimates, the U.S. national group quarters population changed from 8 million in 2010 to 8.09 million in 2018. While size of the group quarters population is small relative to the total population, this is an important component of the total population. Since the group quarters population is distributed very unevenly across the U.S., the group quarters population data become even more important at the county level where relatively large numbers exist.

  • See the 2018 group quarters population estimates by county interactive table.
  • Use the interactive table below to view, compare, rank group quarters population by county/state by type.

Group Quarters Population; College Student Housing
The following graphic shows by college student housing group quarters population (CollGQ) by county. This view shows counties where the CollGQ population in the sum of age ranges 15-19 and 20-24 is 3,000 or more. Using the GIS project only one of these age ranges, or more and/or by gender could be viewed. Click graphic for larger, more detailed view. Expand browser window for best quality view.

.. view developed with ProximityOne CV XE GIS and related GIS project.

Understanding the size, distribution and characteristics of the group quarters population is important for many reasons. In developing demographic estimates and projections, data on the population living in group quarters requires special attention. For example, a standard age-cohort methodology needs to be modified to handle college/university populations. The population in this relevant age groups will not "age" in a "normal" manner. This section provides access to tools to analyze the impact of group quarters populations on states and counties. This section is focused on data from Census 2010. These are the most recent data available that provide characteristics of the group quarters population at the county level (type of group quarters population crossed by 5-year age group). National scope county level post Census 2010 data on the group quarters population type of group quarters population crossed by 5-year age groups are not expected from Census Bureau programs until Census 2020. See additional information.

About Group Quarters Population .. goto top
Group quarters are places where people live or stay in a group living arrangement, which are owned or managed by an entity or organization providing housing and/or services for the residents. This is not a typical household-type living arrangement. These services may include custodial or medical care as well as other types of assistance, and residency is commonly restricted to those receiving these services. People living in group quarters are usually not related to each other. See more about the group quarters population below in this section.

Use the interactive table in this section to view, rank, compare characteristics of the group quarters population the U.S, states and counties. For each geographic area, data rows/records are shown for these population group categories:
Total group quarters population
Group guarters population in institutional facilities
  Adult correctional facilities
  Juvenile Facilities
  Nursing Facilities
  Other Institutional Facilities
Group guarters population in noninstitutional facilities
  College Student Housing
  Military Quarters
  Other Noninstitutional Facilities

For each group quarters type, the population is provided for these columns/categories:
Total population
Group quarters as % total population
Total group quarters population
  Under 5 years
  5 to 9 years
  10 to 14 years
  15 to 19 years
  20 to 24 years
  25 to 29 years
  30 to 34 years
  35 to 39 years
  40 to 44 years
  45 to 49 years
  50 to 54 years
  55 to 59 years
  60 to 64 years
  65 to 69 years
  70 to 74 years
  75 to 79 years
  80 to 84 years
  85 years and over

Using the Interactive Table: An Example
Click ShowAll button below the table and then click the FindName> button. The table refreshes showing 10 rows for Boulder County, CO. Boulder County is home to the University of Colorado and has a large group quarters population. How large? Row 8 shows the GQP in College Student Housing. Clicking the horizontal bar below the table, it can be determined that there are 5,398 GQP in College Student Housing ages 15-19 and 1,088 GQP in College Student Housing ages 20-24 (census 2010). We know that these population sizes will remain roughly the same from year-to-year; adjusting for the enrollment change of the colleges/universities in this county.

Among all counties, which three counties have the highest percent GQP in College Student Housing (of total population)?
.. tips: click ShowAll button, set Type=08, click County button, sort on column 7.
.. note: "independent cities" are county equivalents.

Group Quarters Population; Census 2010 .. goto top
  Click ShowAll button between Find/Queries. Use mouseover on column header to view column description.
  See usage notes below table. See related interactive tables.

Usage Notes
  • If table not showing any rows; click ShowAll button below table.
  • Use vertical and horizontal scroll bars to navigate up/down or left/right.
  • Adjust column widths using column divider between header cells.
  • Type> -- use to select:
    .. 01 Total GQP
    .. 02 GQP in Institutional Facilities
    .. 03 GQP in Adult Correctional Facilities
    .. 04 GQP in Juvenile Facilities
    .. 05 GQP in Nursing Facilities
    .. 06 GQP in Other Institutional Facilities
    .. 07 GQP in Noninstitutional Facilities
    .. 08 GQP in College Student Housing
    .. 09 GQP in Military Quarters
    .. 10 GQP in Other Noninstitutional Facilities
  • County button -- click county button to refresh table with counties only.
    .. a useful feature to rank/compare all counties or a set of counties without state & national rows.
  • Find Name> button -- use to select area name on exact spelling of partial name in column 1.
    .. Key in exact up/low case spelling of partial name of srea in the edit box to right of Find Name> button.
    .. overwriting the value Travis
    .. click the Find Name> button ... table refreshes with all areas with matched spelling in column 1.
  • Find StCty> button -- use to select area on exact spelling of code in column 3.
    .. Key in exact spelling of the StCty code for srea in the edit box to right of Find StCty> button.
    .. overwriting the value 08013
    .. click the Find StCty> button ... table refreshes with all areas with matched spelling in column 3.

  • All items are as of Census 2010.
  • Click ShowAll button between specific area queries.

About Group Quarters .. goto top
Group quarters data are developed from Census Bureau programs including the decennial census, population estimates program, and American Community Survey. At the sub-state level the most recent group quarters data -- with characteristics -- are from Census 2010. The population estimates program and the American Community survey provide only total group quarters estimates at the sub-state level.

Group quarters include such places as college residence halls, residential treatment centers, skilled-nursing facilities, group homes, military barracks, correctional facilities, and workers' dormitories. There are two broad categories of group quarters:
  • Institutional Group Quarters
  • Non-Institutional Group Quarters

Institutional Group Quarters
Institutional group quarters (group quarters type codes 101-106, 201-203, 301, and 401-405) are facilities that house those who are primarily ineligible, unable, or unlikely to participate in the labor force while residents.

Correctional Facilities for Adults (codes 101-106)-Correctional facilities for adults include the following types:
Federal detention centers (code 101)-Federal detention centers are stand alone, generally multi-level, federally operated correctional facilities that provide "short-term" confinement or custody of adults pending adjudication or sentencing. These facilities may hold pretrial detainees, holdovers, sentenced offenders, and Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) inmates, formerly called Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) inmates. These facilities include Metropolitan Correctional Centers (MCCs), Metropolitan Detention Centers (MDCs), Federal Detention Centers (FDCs), Bureau of Indian Affairs Detention Centers, ICE Service Processing Centers, and ICE Contract Detention Facilities.

Juvenile Facilities (codes 201-203)-Juvenile facilities include the following: Group homes for juveniles (non-correctional) (code 201)-Group homes for juveniles include community based group living arrangements for youth in residential settings that are able to accommodate three or more clients of a service provider. The group home provides room and board and services, including behavioral, psychological, or social programs. Generally, clients are not related to the caregiver or to each other. Examples of non-correctional group homes for juveniles are maternity homes for unwed mothers, orphanages, and homes for abused and neglected children in need of services. Group homes for juveniles do not include residential treatment centers for juveniles or group homes operated by or for correctional authorities.

Nursing Facilities/Skilled-Nursing Facilities (code 301)-Nursing facilities/Skilled-nursing facilities include facilities licensed to provide medical care with 7-day, 24-hour coverage for people requiring longterm non-acute care. People in these facilities require nursing care, regardless of age. Either of these types of facilities may be referred to as nursing homes.

Other Institutional Facilities (codes 401-405)-Other institutional facilities include the following: Mental (psychiatric) hospitals and psychiatric units in other hospitals (code 401)-Mental (psychiatric) hospitals and psychiatric units in other hospitals include psychiatric hospitals, units and floors for longterm non-acute care patients. The primary function of the hospital, unit, or floor is to provide diagnostic and treatment services for long-term non-acute care patients who have psychiatric-related illness. All patients are enumerated in this category.

Noninstitutional Group Quarters
Noninstitutional group quarters (group quarters type codes 501, 601, 602, 701, 702, 704, 706, 801, 802, 900, 901, 903, and 904) are facilities that house those who are primarily eligible, able, or likely to participate in the labor force while residents.

College/University Student Housing (code 501)-College/University student housing includes residence halls and dormitories, which house college and university students in a group living arrangement. These facilities are owned, leased, or managed either by a college, university, or seminary, or by a private entity or organization. Fraternity and sorority housing recognized by the college or university are included as college student housing. However, students attending the U.S. Naval Academy, the U.S. Military Academy (West Point), the U.S. Coast Guard Academy, and the U.S. Air Force Academy are counted in military group quarters.

Military Quarters (codes 601 and 602)-Military quarters (code 601) are facilities that include military personnel living in barracks (including "open" barrack transient quarters) and dormitories and military ships (code 602). Patients assigned to Military Treatment Facilities and people being held in military disciplinary barracks and jails are not enumerated in this category. Patients in Military Treatment Facilities with no usual home elsewhere are not enumerated in this category.

Other Noninstitutional Facilities (codes 701, 702, 704, 706, 801, 802, 900, 901, 903, and 904)-Other noninstitutional facilities include the following:
Emergency and transitional shelters (with sleeping facilities) for people experiencing homelessness are facilities where people experiencing homelessness stay overnight.

Soup kitchens, regularly scheduled mobile food vans, and targeted non-sheltered outdoor locations (codes 702, 704, and 706)-This category includes soup kitchens that offer meals organized as food service lines or bag or box lunches for people experiencing homelessness; street locations where mobile food vans regularly stop to provide food to people experiencing homelessness; and targeted non-sheltered outdoor locations where people experiencing homelessness live without paying to stay.

Group homes intended for adults (code 801)-Group homes intended for adults are community-based group living arrangements in residential settings that are able to accommodate three or more clients of a service provider. The group home provides room and board and services, including behavioral, psychological, or social programs. Generally, clients are not related to the caregiver or to each other. Group homes do not include residential treatment centers or facilities operated by or for correctional authorities.

Residential treatment centers for adults (code 802)-Residential treatment centers for adults provide treatment on-site in a highly structured live-in environment for the treatment of drug/alcohol abuse, mental illness, and emotional/behavioral disorders. They are staffed 24 hours a day. The focus of a residential treatment center is on the treatment program. Residential treatment centers do not include facilities operated by or for correctional authorities.

Maritime/Merchant vessels (code 900)-Maritime/merchant vessels include U.S. owned and operated flag vessels used for commercial or noncombatant government-related purposes at U.S. ports, on the sea, or on the Great Lakes.

Workers' group living quarters and Job Corps centers (code 901)-Workers' group living quarters and Job Corps centers include facilities such as dormitories, bunkhouses, and similar types of group living arrangements for agricultural and non-agricultural workers.

Living quarters for victims of natural disasters (code 903)-Living quarters for victims of natural disasters are temporary group living arrangements established as a result of natural disasters.

Religious group quarters and domestic violence shelters (code 904)-Religious group quarters are living quarters owned or operated by religious organizations that are intended to house their members in a group living situation. This category includes such places as convents, monasteries, and abbeys. Living quarters for students living or staying in seminaries are classified as college student housing, not religious group quarters. Domestic violence shelters are community-based homes, shelters, or crisis centers that provide housing for people who have sought shelter from household violence and who may have been physically abused.

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Support Using these Resources .. goto top
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