Census 2020 of Population & Housing
-- Citizen Voting Age Population (CVAP) by Race & Ethnicity
A Census 2020 Citizen Voting Age Population by Race and Ethnicity (CVAP) Special Tabulation, based on Census 2020, administrative records data and other possible census data, will replace the CVAP special tabulation tables based on the American Community Survey (ACS) that would have been released in February 2021. Instead, this dataset will be published prior to March 31, 2021. No decisions have been made regarding the future of the CVAP tables from the ACS beyond 2021. See more about the CVAP currently available based on ACS 5-year estimates, background and related data below in this section.
Census 2020 Citizen Age Voting Population (CVAP) Overview
This section provides a preliminary overview of the planned Census 2020 Citizen Voting Age Population by Race and Ethnicity (CVAP) Special Tabulation.
The Census 2020 CVAP special tabulation, providing data on citizen voting age population by race and ethnicity, prepared from the Census 2020 and other sources of data. The race and ethnicity data will come from the Census 2020 questionnaire. The citizenship status will be determined using statistical methodologies, still under development, and record linkages to a variety of administrative records. The expected federal administrative records. being evaluated for possible use are from the Social Security Administration, Internal Revenue Service, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Department of Housing and Urban Development, Department of Homeland Security, Department of State, Indian Health Services, Department of Justice, and the Bureau of Justice Statistics. In addition some state administrative records, when available, may be used. These state records include Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC), Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program, and State Driver’s Licenses. All administrative data are protected by the confidentiality requirements of Title 13 U.S. Code. They cannot be shared in identifiable form with any other government agency or the public. The Census Bureau assures the confidentiality of the underlying micro-data by applying the same stateof-the-art differentially private disclosure avoidance algorithms implemented for 2020 Census.
Census 2020 CVAP Geographic Tabulation Levels .. goto top
The 2020 CVAP data will be tabulated and published for a subset of geographies, including blocks, from the 2020 Census P.L. 94-171 redistricting data pecification. These geographic summary levels (code in parentheses) are:
- Nation (010)
- State (040)
- Congressional District (500, based on boundaries for the 116th Congress)
- State Legislative District, Upper Chamber (610, based on the boundaries for the 2018 election)
- State Legislative District, Lower Chamber (620, based on the boundaries for the 2018 election)
- County (160)
- Minor Civil Division (MCD) (060, for the 12 strong MCD states: CT, MA, ME, MI, MN, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, VT, and WI)
- Tract (140)
- Block Group (150)
- Block (summary level 750 in the redistricting data * 100 in the Demographic Housing and Characteristic file)
Census 2020 CVAP Subject Matter Items .. goto top
- Hispanic or Latino
- Not Hispanic or Latino:
.. White alone
.. Black or African American alone
.. American Indian and Alaska Native alone
.. Asian alone
.. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
.. Some Other Race alone
.. Black or African American and White
.. American Indian and Alaska Native and White
.. Asian and White
.. American Indian and Alaska Native and Black or African American
.. Remainder of Two or More Race Responses
The planned data files will be produced in both CSV and SAS formats. They will be posted as zip files that will also contain a final version of the CVAP technical documentation. They will be produced for the following geographies:
National Scope Files:
- Congressional District - State Legislative District (Upper House & Lower House)
- MCD (Minor Civil Division - only for CT, MA, ME, MI, MN, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, VT, and WI)
- Block Group
Background & Related Data .. goto top
A Citizen Voting Age Population (CVAP) special tabulation was originally created, by a data user request, from the Census 2000 long form for use in voting rights analysis. This special tabulation was created down to the block group level of geography. At the request of the Department of Justice, after the 2010 Census beginning in February of 2011, CVAP tables were produced annually from each year’s most recent 5-year ACS data.
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