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Chicago, IL
-- demographic-economic characteristics and patterns

The Census 2010 population of Chicago, IL was 2,695,598 (11,840 persons per square mile). See more about this place in context of other places using the population estimates table. View, rank, compare demographic-economic data similar to data in profile below using this interactive table. See related America's Communities Program information resources.

Use these related resources to examine more about this city, region and drill-down geography:
  • Compare/rank this city with other large cities using this interactive table.
  • Examine the CBSA/Metro Situation & Outlook for this city.
  • Make custom analytical & reference maps for any city.
  • Use GIS tools to view/analyze neighborhood characteristics.

The table presented below shows demographic-economic characteristics for this place based on the American Community Survey (ACS). ACS provides post-Census 2010 annual updates for a wide array of demographic-economic data not available from Census 2010.

ACS estimates are available for all geographies (U.S. wall-to-wall) using the 5-year estimates. For areas of 65,000 population or more, 1-year estimates are available. See more about ACS. Estimates shown in this profile are based on ACS 1-year estimates. See more about comparing these data over time.

Chicago, IL Demographic-Economic Characteristics
  -- ACS 2012 1 year -- -- ACS 2014 1 year -- -- Change 2012-14 --
 ValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 2,714,844 100.00 2,722,407 100.00 7,563 0.28
  Male 1,315,782 48.47 1,314,074 48.27 -1,708 -0.13
  Female 1,399,062 51.53 1,408,333 51.73 9,271 0.66
  Age
    Under 5 years 190,738 7.03 183,340 6.73 -7,398 -3.88
    5-9 years 166,651 6.14 169,803 6.24 3,152 1.89
    10-14 years 157,662 5.81 154,789 5.69 -2,873 -1.82
    15-19 years 171,128 6.30 161,833 5.94 -9,295 -5.43
    20-24 years 220,116 8.11 216,975 7.97 -3,141 -1.43
    25-34 years 509,372 18.76 525,381 19.30 16,009 3.14
    35-44 years 392,908 14.47 382,127 14.04 -10,781 -2.74
    45-54 years 333,230 12.27 330,114 12.13 -3,116 -0.94
    55-59 years 147,294 5.43 155,546 5.71 8,252 5.60
    60-64 years 129,110 4.76 132,625 4.87 3,515 2.72
    65-74 years 164,049 6.04 176,177 6.47 12,128 7.39
    75-84 years 92,041 3.39 94,163 3.46 2,122 2.31
    85+ years 40,545 1.49 39,534 1.45 -1,011 -2.49
    Median age 33.60 33.90 0.30 0.89
Race/Origin
  One Race 2,653,647 97.75 2,657,329 97.61 3,682 0.14
    White 1,311,393 48.30 1,317,969 48.41 6,576 0.50
    Black/African American 866,026 31.90 852,756 31.32 -13,270 -1.53
    American Indian/Alaska Native 8,066 0.30 7,567 0.28 -499 -6.19
    Asian 160,568 5.91 164,633 6.05 4,065 2.53
    Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 979 0.04 1,012 0.04 33 3.37
    Some other race 306,615 11.29 313,392 11.51 6,777 2.21
  Two or more races 61,197 2.25 65,078 2.39 3,881 6.34
  Hispanic (of any race) 788,508 29.04 802,245 29.47 13,737 1.74
Households by Type
  Total households 1,032,074 100.00 1,031,672 100.00 -402 -0.04
    Families 564,540 54.70 564,940 54.76 400 0.07
    Nonfamily households 467,534 45.30 466,732 45.24 -802 -0.17
    Average Household Size 2.58 2.58 0.00 0.00
    Average Family Size 3.54 3.51 -0.03 -0.85
Relationship
  Population in households 2,660,974 98.02 2,661,324 97.76 350 0.01
School Enrollment
  Population 3 & over enrolled 720,730 100.00 707,431 100.00 -13,299 -1.85
    Nursery school, preschool 51,843 7.19 52,520 7.42 677 1.31
    Kindergarten 35,436 4.92 34,480 4.87 -956 -2.70
    Elementary school (grades 1-8) 256,604 35.60 257,830 36.45 1,226 0.48
    High school (grades 9-12) 134,105 18.61 130,013 18.38 -4,092 -3.05
    College or graduate school 242,742 33.68 232,588 32.88 -10,154 -4.18
Educational Attainment
  Population 25 years & over 1,808,549 100.00 1,835,667 100.00 27,118 1.50
    Less than 9th grade 177,106 9.79 163,783 8.92 -13,323 -7.52
    9th to 12th grade, no diploma 161,920 8.95 151,130 8.23 -10,790 -6.66
    High school graduate (incl equiv) 414,353 22.91 436,868 23.80 22,515 5.43
    Some college, no degree 334,279 18.48 326,487 17.79 -7,792 -2.33
    Associate's degree 97,407 5.39 97,262 5.30 -145 -0.15
    Bachelor's degree 372,406 20.59 393,742 21.45 21,336 5.73
    Graduate or professional degree 251,078 13.88 266,395 14.51 15,317 6.10
    Percent high school graduate or higher 81.30 82.80 1.50 1.85
    Percent bachelor's degree or higher 34.50 36.00 1.50 4.35
Residence 1 year ago 2,675,954 100.00 2,687,174 100.00 11,220 0.42
  Same house 2,236,468 83.58 2,245,890 83.58 9,422 0.42
  Different house in U.S. 417,844 15.61 418,445 15.57 601 0.14
    Same county 336,558 12.58 340,065 12.66 3,507 1.04
    Different county 81,286 3.04 78,380 2.92 -2,906 -3.58
      Same state 23,789 0.89 21,312 0.79 -2,477 -10.41
      Different state 57,497 2.15 57,068 2.12 -429 -0.75
  Abroad 21,642 0.81 22,839 0.85 1,197 5.53
Language Spoken at Home
  Population 5 years & over 2,524,106 100.00 2,539,067 100.00 14,961 0.59
    English only 1,596,238 63.24 1,632,409 64.29 36,171 2.27
    Language other than English 927,868 36.76 906,658 35.71 -21,210 -2.29
      Speak English less than very well 404,292 16.02 381,928 15.04 -22,364 -5.53
    Spanish 620,136 24.57 623,569 24.56 3,433 0.55
      Speak English less than very well 272,780 10.81 259,807 10.23 -12,973 -4.76
Employment Status
  Population 16 years & over 2,167,602 100.00 2,182,582 100.00 14,980 0.69
    In labor force 1,444,876 66.66 1,438,491 65.91 -6,385 -0.44
      Civilian labor force 1,444,709 66.65 1,437,803 65.88 -6,906 -0.48
        Employed 1,247,305 57.54 1,280,905 58.69 33,600 2.69
        Unemployed 197,404 9.11 156,898 7.19 -40,506 -20.52
      Armed forces 167 0.01 688 0.03 521 311.98
    Not in labor force 722,726 33.34 744,091 34.09 21,365 2.96
  Civilian labor force 1,444,709 66.65 1,437,803 65.88 -6,906 -0.48
    Percent unemployed 13.70 10.90 -2.80 -20.44
Employment by Industry
  Civilian employed population 16 years & over 1,247,305 100.00 1,280,905 100.00 33,600 2.69
    Agriculture, forestry, fishing & hunting, mining 2,258 0.18 1,437 0.11 -821 -36.36
    Construction 48,728 3.91 51,004 3.98 2,276 4.67
    Manufacturing 116,952 9.38 110,445 8.62 -6,507 -5.56
    Wholesale trade 30,650 2.46 29,830 2.33 -820 -2.68
    Retail trade 114,187 9.15 117,268 9.16 3,081 2.70
    Transportation, warehousing, utilities 73,374 5.88 81,401 6.35 8,027 10.94
    Information 28,818 2.31 32,568 2.54 3,750 13.01
    Finance, insurance, real estate 106,280 8.52 97,783 7.63 -8,497 -7.99
    Professional, scientific, management 184,895 14.82 197,973 15.46 13,078 7.07
    Education & health care 288,103 23.10 293,161 22.89 5,058 1.76
    Arts, entertainment, recreation 134,326 10.77 149,807 11.70 15,481 11.52
    Other services 65,488 5.25 66,417 5.19 929 1.42
    Public administration 53,246 4.27 51,811 4.04 -1,435 -2.70
Household Income
  Total households 1,032,074 100.00 1,031,672 100.00 -402 -0.04
    Less than $10,000 124,498 12.06 112,665 10.92 -11,833 -9.50
    $10,000 to $14,999 67,215 6.51 60,538 5.87 -6,677 -9.93
    $15,000 to $24,999 122,247 11.84 124,398 12.06 2,151 1.76
    $25,000 to $34,999 107,517 10.42 99,033 9.60 -8,484 -7.89
    $35,000 to $49,999 133,751 12.96 126,797 12.29 -6,954 -5.20
    $50,000 to $74,999 161,166 15.62 168,377 16.32 7,211 4.47
    $75,000 to $99,999 106,812 10.35 107,965 10.47 1,153 1.08
    $100,000 to $149,999 110,584 10.71 120,416 11.67 9,832 8.89
    $150,000 to $199,999 44,931 4.35 52,259 5.07 7,328 16.31
    $200,000 or more 53,353 5.17 59,224 5.74 5,871 11.00
    Median household income 45,214 48,734 3,520 7.79
    Mean household income 69,516 72,881 3,365 4.84
Percent Families & People in Poverty
  All families 20.00 18.10 -1.90 -9.50
  All people 23.90 22.00 -1.90 -7.95
Housing Occupancy
  Total housing units 1,189,074 100.00 1,192,346 100.00 3,272 0.28
    Occupied housing units 1,032,074 86.80 1,031,672 86.52 -402 -0.04
    Vacant housing units 157,000 13.20 160,674 13.48 3,674 2.34
    Homeowner vacancy rate 3.00 3.10 0.10 3.33
    Rental vacancy rate 7.00 7.30 0.30 4.29
Units in Structure
  Total housing units 1,189,074 100.00 1,192,346 100.00 3,272 0.28
    1-unit, detached 302,323 25.43 302,899 25.40 576 0.19
    1-unit, attached 41,280 3.47 40,623 3.41 -657 -1.59
    2 units 174,872 14.71 177,059 14.85 2,187 1.25
    3 or 4 units 197,518 16.61 180,713 15.16 -16,805 -8.51
    5 to 9 units 127,315 10.71 140,168 11.76 12,853 10.10
    10 to 19 units 54,854 4.61 54,003 4.53 -851 -1.55
    20 or more units 288,675 24.28 294,030 24.66 5,355 1.86
    Mobile home, boat, RV etc. 1,913 0.16 2,573 0.22 660 34.50
Year Structure Built
  Total housing units 1,189,074 100.00 1,192,346 100.00 3,272 0.28
    2010 or later 4,903 0.41 11,832 0.99 6,929 141.32
    2000 to 2009 106,553 8.96 97,857 8.21 -8,696 -8.16
    1990 to 1999 49,150 4.13 50,223 4.21 1,073 2.18
    1980 to 1989 42,749 3.60 47,450 3.98 4,701 11.00
    1970 to 1979 80,100 6.74 85,958 7.21 5,858 7.31
    1960 to 1969 124,940 10.51 114,637 9.61 -10,303 -8.25
    1950 to 1959 136,377 11.47 145,057 12.17 8,680 6.36
    1940 to 1949 93,903 7.90 105,299 8.83 11,396 12.14
    1939 or earlier 550,399 46.29 534,033 44.79 -16,366 -2.97
Housing Tenure
  Occupied housing units 1,032,074 100.00 1,031,672 100.00 -402 -0.04
    Owner-occupied 457,833 44.36 450,277 43.65 -7,556 -1.65
    Renter-occupied 574,241 55.64 581,395 56.35 7,154 1.25
    Avg household size, owner-occupied 2.77 2.81 0.04 1.44
    Avg household size, renter-occupied 2.43 2.40 -0.03 -1.23
Year Householder Moved Into Unit
  Occupied housing units 1,032,074 100.00 1,031,672 100.00 -402 -0.04
    2010 or later 341,018 33.04 468,347 45.40 127,329 37.34
    2000 to 2009 395,427 38.31 294,780 28.57 -100,647 -25.45
    1990 to 1999 138,579 13.43 125,851 12.20 -12,728 -9.18
    1980 to 1989 67,859 6.58 63,315 6.14 -4,544 -6.70
    1970 to 1979 50,021 4.85 44,192 4.28 -5,829 -11.65
    1969 or earlier 39,170 3.80 35,187 3.41 -3,983 -10.17
Occupants per room
  1.00 or less 985,638 95.50 989,338 95.90 3,700 0.38
  1.01 to 1.50 33,639 3.26 30,525 2.96 -3,114 -9.26
  1.51 or more 12,797 1.24 11,809 1.14 -988 -7.72
Housing Value (owner occupied units) 457,833 100.00 450,277 100.00 -7,556 -1.65
  Less than $50,000 15,597 3.41 21,830 4.85 6,233 39.96
  $50,000 to $99,999 47,187 10.31 46,944 10.43 -243 -0.51
  $100,000 to $149,999 72,148 15.76 64,829 14.40 -7,319 -10.14
  $150,000 to $199,999 80,144 17.51 67,591 15.01 -12,553 -15.66
  $200,000 to $299,999 106,275 23.21 101,412 22.52 -4,863 -4.58
  $300,000 to $499,999 89,921 19.64 90,431 20.08 510 0.57
  $500,000 to $999,999 36,583 7.99 42,729 9.49 6,146 16.80
  $1,000,000 or more 9,978 2.18 14,511 3.22 4,533 45.43
  Median 211,700 219,800 8,100 3.83
Selected Monthly Owner Costs (SMOC)
  Housing units with a mortgage 329,792 100.00 307,355 100.00 -22,437 -6.80
    Less than $300 143 0.04 422 0.14 279 195.10
    $300 to $499 1,265 0.38 1,627 0.53 362 28.62
    $500 to $699 6,065 1.84 5,788 1.88 -277 -4.57
    $700 to $999 19,966 6.05 23,254 7.57 3,288 16.47
    $1,000 to $1,499 78,986 23.95 73,008 23.75 -5,978 -7.57
    $1,500 to $1,999 88,327 26.78 80,648 26.24 -7,679 -8.69
    $2,000 or more 135,040 40.95 122,608 39.89 -12,432 -9.21
    Median 1,824 1,799 -25 -1.37
Gross Rent
  Occupied units paying rent 557,063 100.00 565,970 100.00 8,907 1.60
    Less than $200 14,354 2.58 11,573 2.04 -2,781 -19.37
    $200 to $299 18,669 3.35 17,825 3.15 -844 -4.52
    $300 to $499 29,104 5.22 29,938 5.29 834 2.87
    $500 to $749 104,677 18.79 87,179 15.40 -17,498 -16.72
    $750 to $999 159,510 28.63 154,367 27.27 -5,143 -3.22
    $1,000 to $1,499 149,350 26.81 156,592 27.67 7,242 4.85
    $1,500 or more 81,399 14.61 108,496 19.17 27,097 33.29
    Median 920 968 48 5.22

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