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Metro in Regional Context




Situation & Outlook Report

Las Cruces, NM Metropolitan Statistical Area
(CBSA 29740)
Geographic-Demographic-Economic Characteristics -- access other areas
See about updates.

This section is no longer being updated. Access the permanent replacement section at http://proximityone.com/cbsa/1/cbsa29740.htm. Please bookmark this new URL.

Access 2018 S&O Reports, featuring county and metro projections to 2030, via the interactive table at http://proximityone.com/metros.htm. The 2018 reports are similar but have been greatly expanded and updated.

Contents of this Report
This document is organized into these sections:
1. Recent Trends & Outlook
2. Overview & Updates
3. Reference & Thematic Pattern Maps
3.1. Lay of the Land
3.2. Neighborhood Patterns of Economic Prosperity
4. Population Characteristics & Trends
4.1. Component City Characteristics
4.2. Component County Characteristics
4.2.1. RDEMS Component County Characteristics
4.3. General Demographic Characteristics
5. Housing Characteristics & Trends
5.1. Total Housing Units
5.2. General Housing Characteristics
5.3. Residential Construction; Housing Units Authorized & Value
5.4. Housing Price Index
6. Economic Characteristics & Trends
6.1. Economic Profile
6.2. Cost of Living Indexes
6.3. Cost of Doing Business Indexes
6.4. Consumer Price Index
6.5. Gross Domestic Product
6.6. Establishments, Employment & Earnings by Type of Business
6.7. Labor Market Characteristics & Trends
7. Education Infrastructure
7.1. Component School District Characteristics
7.2. Component Higher Education Institution Characteristics
8. GeoPolitics
  Terms of Use
  Related Resources
  Using this Document
  Updates
  About Metros & Principal Cities
  Glossary


1. Recent Trends & Outlook
Summary of recent business, demographic, economic trends; year-ahead & 5-year outlook.
- the Recent Trends & Outlook section, updated quarterly, covers topics about this metro such as .. assessing the implications of next jobs report .. impact of Fed''s interest rate action .. which sectors are expanding or contracting .. housing market conditions .. insights to help your planning and decision-making. The Recent Trends & Outlook section is available in the subscription edition.

2. Overview & Update
The total population of the Las Cruces, NM MSA metro changed from 210,202 in 2010 to 214,059 in 2015, a change of 4,093 (1.9%). Among all 917 metros, this metro was ranked number 205 in 2010 and 206 in 2015, based on total population. Annual net migration was 913 (2011), -206 (2012), -2,073 (2013), -1,435 (2014), -1,435 (2015). View annual population estimates and components of change table. See more about population characteristics below.

This metro is projected to have a total population in 2020 of 238,051. The projected population change from 2010 to 2020 is 27,814 (13.2%). The population ages 65 years and over is projected to change from 26,730 (2010) to 39,517 (2020), a change of 12,787 (47.8%). See more about population projections.

Based on per capita personal income (PCPI), this metro was ranked number 832 in 2008 and 840 in 2014. among the 917 metros for which personal income was estimated.The PCPI changed from $27,026 in 2008 to $30,593 in 2014, a change of $3,567 (13.2%). Per capita personal income (PCPI) is a comprehensive measure of individual economic well-being. Use the interactive table to compare PCPI in this metro to other metros. See more about PCPI in Economic Characteristics section below.

282 metropolitan statistical areas, of the total 381, experienced an increase in real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) between 2009 and 2014. This metro ranked number 250 among the 381 metros based on 2014 GDP. The GDP (millions of current dollars) changed from $5,924 in 2009 to $6,564 in 2014 a change of $640 (10.8%). Real GDP (millions of real, inflation adjusted, dollars) changed from $5,924 in 2009 to $5,931 in 2014, a change of $7 (0.12%). GDP is the most comprehensive measure of metro economic activity. GDP is the sum of the GDP originating in all industries in the metro. See more about GDP in Economic Characteristics section below.

Attributes of driil-down, small area geography within the metro ... metros account for 65,744 of the national scope 73,056 census tracts (others are in non-metro areas). This metro is comprised of 41 tracts covering the metro wall-to-wall. View, rank, compare demographic-economic attributes of these tracts using the interactive tables. Use the CBSA code 29740; see table usage details below the table.

3. Lay of the Land & Neighborhood Patterns of Economic Prosperity   go top

3.1. Lay of the Land go top
Lay of the Land. The following map shows the metro with bold boundary.
Counties are labeled with county name and state-county FIPS code.

 
  View developed with CV XE GIS software.   See this section to learn about making custom metro maps.

3.2. Patterns of Economic Prosperity by Neighborhood go top

Median household income by census tract (see color/data legend at left of map).

 
  View developed with CV XE GIS software.   See this section to learn about making custom metro maps.

4. Population Characteristics & Trends go top
Updated monthly, quarterly, annually. Housing market conditions and extended detail Available in subscription edition.

4.1. Component City Characteristics go top
Principal Cities (about principal cities); Click link to view city profile.
  •   Las Cruces

Cities 10,000 population and over; click link to view city profile.
  AreaCensus
2010
July 1
2010
July 1
2011
July 1
2012
July 1
2013
July 1
2014
Change
2010-14
%Change
2010-14
  Las Cruces, NM (3539380) 97,618 98,206 100,032 101,007 101,181 101,408 3,202 3.30
  Sunland Park, NM (3575640) 14,106 14,257 14,533 14,719 15,062 15,400 1,143 8.00

All places interactive tables General Demographics | Social | Economic | Housing
All places time series population estimates interactive table.

4.2. Component County Characteristics   go top
Updated periodically, annually. General demographics, social characteristics and extended detail Available in subscription edition.

Metropolitan areas are defined as one or more contiguous counties based on a set of demographic-economic criteria. Counties comprising the metro are shown below. For multi-county metros, this section provides insights into how the population is changing by county. Many metros changed geographic composition (counties included in the metro) between the Census 2010 vintage and the current vintage. These changes, if any, are also shown below (county is marked with **). See projections in related section.Click county code link to view county components of change.

  AreaJuly 1
2010
PctJuly 1
2011
PctJuly 1
2012
PctJuly 1
2013
PctJuly 1
2014
PctJuly 1
2015
Pct
Metro Summary ... more details 210,202 100.0 212,982 100.0 214,428 100.0 214,051 100.0 214,059 100.0 214,295 100.0
  Dona Ana County, NM (35013) 210,202 100.0 212,982 100.0 214,428 100.0 214,051 100.0 214,059 100.0 214,295 100.0

All counties interactive tables General Demographics | Social | Economic | Housing
All counties population estimates & components of change time series interactive table.

4.2.1. RDEMS County Characteristics
Updated quarterly. For more information, see RDEMS Main.
Links open HSG1 Housing & New Residential Construction section. Select other sections from list above table.
  Do+¶a Ana County, NM

4.3. General Demographic Characteristics
Updated annually. For more information, detail & to compare areas use interactive table.
  Item20132014Change
2013-14
%Change
2013-14
Total Population: Race/Origin 213,460 213,676 216 0.10
  One race 207,466 210,098 2,632 1.27
    White 191,537 189,090 -2,447 -1.28
    Black/African American 191,537 189,090 -2,447 -1.28
    American Indian/Alaska Native 2,630 2,355 -275 -10.46
    Asian alone 1,464 2,602 1,138 77.73
    Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 45 0 -45 -100.00
    Some other race alone 8,217 11,940 3,723 45.31
  Two or more races 5,994 3,578 -2,416 -40.31
  Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 142,061 142,732 671 0.47
Population 25 years and over 127,084 127,478 394 0.47
  % high school graduate or higher 78.5 79.4 0.9 1.15
  % bachelor's degree or higher 27.9 30.6 2.7 9.68
Total Households 74,898 75,530 632 9.68
  Median household income ($) 36,343 39,502 3,159 8.69
  Mean household income ($) 52,617 55,113 2,496 4.74
  Item20132014Change
2013-14
%Change
2013-14
Total Population: Gender & Age 213,460 213,676 216 0.10
  Male 105,056 105,364 308 4.74
  Female 108,404 108,312 -92 4.74
  Under 5 years 15,921 15,576 -345 4.74
  5 to 9 years 13,152 15,687 2,535 19.27
  10 to 14 years 17,106 14,904 -2,202 -12.87
  15 to 19 years 18,020 17,280 -740 -4.11
  20 to 24 years 22,177 22,751 574 2.59
  25 to 34 years 27,197 27,846 649 2.39
  35 to 44 years 22,514 23,164 650 2.89
  45 to 54 years 25,141 23,465 -1,676 -6.67
  55 to 59 years 12,943 11,087 -1,856 -14.34
  55 to 59 years 12,943 11,087 -1,856 -14.34
  60 to 64 years 10,574 11,859 1,285 12.15
  65 to 74 years 16,082 17,312 1,230 7.65
  75 to 84 years 9,225 9,423 198 2.15
  85 years and over 3,408 3,322 -86 -2.52
  Median age 32.5 32.7 0.2 0.62
  18 years and over 158,364 158,689 325 0.21
  21 years and over 143,280 147,029 3,749 2.62
  62 years and over 34,910 37,887 2,977 8.53
  65 years and over 28,715 30,057 1,342 4.67

5. Housing Characteristics & Trends go top
Updated monthly, quarterly, annually. Housing market conditions and extended detail Available in subscription edition.

5.1. Total Housing Units
Updated Annually. Independent annual model-based estimates. For more information, detail & to compare areas use interactive table.
  ItemCensus
2010
July 1
2010
July 1
2011
July 1
2012
July 1
2013
July 1
2014
Change
2010-2014
%Change
2010-2014
  Total Housing Units 81,492 81,664 82,452 82,893 83,633 84,221 2,557 3.13

5.2. General Housing Characteristics
Updated Annually. For more information, detail & to compare areas use interactive table.
  Item20132014Change
2013-14
%Change
2013-14
Housing Units: Units in Structure 83,132 84,225 1,093 1.31
  1-unit, detached 47,984 49,347 1,363 2.84
  1-unit, attached 3,625 2,688 -937 -25.85
  2 units 2,670 2,713 43 1.61
  3 or 4 units 3,825 4,234 409 10.69
  5 to 9 units 2,573 2,914 341 13.25
  10 to 20 units 1,762 2,391 629 35.70
  20 or more units 2,950 3,455 505 17.12
  Item20132014Change
2013-14
%Change
2013-14
Housing Units: Occupancy & Tenure 83,132 84,225 1,093 1.31
  Occupied Housing Units 74,898 75,530 632 0.84
    Owner 48,140 46,230 -1,910 -3.97
    Renter 26,758 29,300 2,542 9.50
  Vacant Housing Units 8,234 8,695 461 5.60
  Homeowner vacancy rate 3.60 3.60 0.00...
  Rental vacancy rate 5.50 8.30 2.80...
Average household size; owner-occ 2.79 2.79 0.00 0.00
Average household size; renter-occ 2.79 2.73 -0.06 -2.15
Median Value $ owner occupied 134,600 135,600 1,000 0.74
Median Rent $ renter occupied 650 731 81 12.46

5.3. Residential Construction; Housing Units Authorized & Value
Updated Monthly. 12 most recent months. For more information, detail & to compare areas use interactive table.
  ItemAug15Sep15Oct15Nov15Dec15Jan16Feb16Mar16Apr16May16Jun16Jul16
Total Residential Units 57 68 75 65 61 59 56 73 71 77 71 67
  in 1 unit bldgs 57 66 75 65 61 59 56 68 71 74 65 67
  in 2 unit bldgs 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0
  in 3-4 unit bldgs 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 4 0
  in 5+ unit bldgs 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 0
  Bldgs with 5+ units 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
  Percent Coverage 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Value ($000), Total Units 11,412 13,693 15,046 13,542 12,317 11,676 11,120 13,994 13,683 15,568 13,548 13,463
  1 unit structures 11,412 13,379 15,046 13,542 12,317 11,676 11,120 13,630 13,683 15,038 12,527 13,463
  2 unit structures 0 314 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 314 0
  3-4 unit structures 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 530 707 0
  5+ unit structures 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 364 0 0 0 0

5.4. Housing Price Index go top
Updated quarterly. All transactions; not seasonally adjusted. See related Housing Price Index (HPI) interactive table.
See related 5-Digit ZIP Code HPI interactive table.

    Housing Price Index:2015Q32015Q42016Q12016Q22016Q3
    160.78 158.53 162.27 162.89 158.96
    Quarter-to-Quarter/Year Percent Change:2015Q3-2015Q42015Q4-2016Q12016Q1-2016Q22016Q2-2016Q32015Q3-2016Q3
  -1.40 2.36 0.38 -2.41 -1.13
6. Economic Characteristics & Trends go top

6.1. Economic Profile go top
The Economic Profile shows shows derivation and key components of total personal income. Data are organized by place of residence and place of work. The place of residence profile includes estimates of total personal income, population, and per capita personal income. The place of work profile includes estimates of total earnings, total employment and average earnings per job. Updated annually. See related interactive table.

  Item20112012201320142015Change
2011-2015
%Change
2011-2015
Personal income 6,361,284 6,520,400 6,272,697 6,518,834 6,907,477 546,193 8.6
  Net earnings 1/ 3,739,651 3,725,209 3,609,578 3,633,986 3,821,665 82,014 2.2
  Personal current transfer receipts 1,654,762 1,647,432 1,648,604 1,815,327 1,979,423 324,661 19.6
    Income maintenance 2/ 259,493 263,700 264,974 267,826 274,171 14,678 5.7
    Unemployment insurance compensation 65,930 51,487 38,335 24,547 23,111 -42,819 -64.9
    Retirement and other 1,329,339 1,332,245 1,345,295 1,522,954 1,682,141 352,802 26.5
  Dividends, interest, and rent 3/ 966,871 1,147,759 1,014,515 1,069,521 1,106,389 139,518 14.4
  Population 4/ 212,982 214,428 214,051 214,059 214,295 1,313 0.6
  Per capita personal income 29,868 30,408 29,305 30,453 32,233 2,365 7.9
  Per capita net earnings 17,559 17,373 16,863 16,977 17,834 275 1.6
  Per capita personal current transfer receipts 7,769 7,683 7,702 8,480 9,237 1,468 18.9
    Per capita income maintenance 1,218 1,230 1,238 1,251 1,279 61 5.0
    Per capita unemployment insurance compensation 310 240 179 115 108 -202 -65.2
    Per capita retirement and other 6,242 6,213 6,285 7,115 7,850 1,608 25.8
  Per capita dividends, interest, and rent 4,540 5,353 4,740 4,996 5,163 623 13.7
  Earnings by place of work 4,119,077 4,070,905 4,048,968 4,104,499 4,295,161 176,084 4.3
    Wages and salaries 2,623,711 2,660,839 2,710,984 2,777,279 2,859,967 236,256 9.0
    Supplements to wages and salaries 788,334 814,949 788,796 786,083 823,978 35,644 4.5
      Employer cont. for empl. pension & insur. funds 6/ 581,865 604,465 572,883 563,994 580,327 -1,538 -0.3
      Employer cont. for government social insurance 206,469 210,484 215,913 222,089 243,651 37,182 18.0
    Proprietors' income 707,032 595,117 549,188 541,137 611,216 -95,816 -13.6
      Nonfarm proprietors' income 128,503 62,345 56,992 36,303 59,870 -68,633 -53.4
      Farm proprietors' income 578,529 532,772 492,196 504,834 551,346 -27,183 -4.7
Total full-time and part-time employment 97,360 97,153 98,994 99,230 100,215 2,855 2.9
  Wage and salary jobs 74,712 75,125 76,607 77,088 77,429 2,717 3.6
  Number of proprietors 22,648 22,028 22,387 22,142 22,786 138 0.6
    Number of nonfarm proprietors 7/ 1,827 1,901 1,908 1,875 1,876 49 2.7
    Number of farm proprietors 20,821 20,127 20,479 20,267 20,910 89 0.4
Average earnings per job (dollars) 42,308 41,902 40,901 41,363 42,859 551 1.3
  Average wages and salaries 35,118 35,419 35,388 36,027 36,937 1,819 5.2
  Average nonfarm proprietors' income 27,786 26,471 24,034 24,909 26,368 -1,418 -5.1
Dollar items are in current dollars (not adjusted for inflation). Per capita items in dollars; other dollar items in thousands of dollars.
See related notes.

6.2. Cost of Living Indexes   go top
Updated periodically. Available in subscription edition.

6.3. Cost of Doing Business Indexes   go top
Updated periodically. Available in subscription edition.

6.4. Consumer Price Index   go top
Updated monthly. Available in subscription edition.

6.5. Gross Domestic Product by Sector   go top
Updated quarterly, annually. For more information, detail & to compare areas use interactive table. Additional detail in subscription edition.
  Item200920102011201220132014Change
2009-14
%Change
2009-14
Gross Domestic Product, millions of current dollars 5,924 6,187 6,227 6,216 6,402 6,564 640 10.80
Real Gross Domestic Product, millions of real dollars 5,924 6,074 5,954 5,837 5,888 5,931 7 0.12

6.6. Establishments, Employment & Earnings by Detailed Type of Business go top
Updated quarterly. For more information, detail & to compare areas use interactive table.
  SectorEstablishments
2015Q1
Employment
2015Q1
Avg Weekly Wages
2015Q1
Establishments
2015Q2
Employment
2015Q2
Avg Weekly Wages
2015Q2
 Total, all industries 4,378 115,999 683 4,356 118,550 692
 Total, all industries - Fed Govt 73 5,940 1,564 73 5,814 1,595
 Total, all industries - St Govt 34 9,085 892 34 9,113 906
 Total, all industries - Local Govt 123 15,123 693 123 15,103 857
 Total, all industries - Private 4,148 85,851 598 4,126 88,519 584
    Goods-producing 807 13,671 649 800 15,373 602
      Natural resources and mining 192 4,238 505 191 5,732 375
      Construction 471 5,485 595 464 5,980 648
      Manufacturing 144 3,948 882 145 3,662 917
    Service-providing 3,341 72,181 588 3,326 73,146 580
      Trade, transportation & utilities 723 17,600 551 712 17,623 549
      Information 44 1,453 663 43 1,416 641
      Financial activities 441 4,295 764 441 4,267 728
      Professional & business services 585 11,446 813 570 11,491 804
      Education and health services 915 22,731 651 932 23,225 633
      Leisure and hospitality 338 12,682 283 333 13,142 290
      Other services 295 1,974 447 295 1,982 479

Notes: cell value of '...' indicates value suppressed to maintain confidentiality.

Use the following links to access detailed establishment and employment data by type of business (CSV files).
  .. see notes on using these files.
  2013Q1 .. 2013Q2 .. 2013Q3 .. 2013Q4 .|. 2014Q1 .. 2014Q2 .. 2014Q3 .. 2014Q4 .|. 2015Q1 .. 2015Q2 .. 2015Q3 .. 2015Q4 .. 2016Q1 .. 2016Q2
 
6.7. Labor Market Characteristics & Trends go top
Updated monthly. Available in subscription edition.
For more information, detail & to compare areas use interactive table.
Table shows 13 most recent months.
  ItemAug15Sep15Oct15Nov15Dec15Jan16Feb16Mar16Apr16May16Jun16Jul16Aug16
Unemplymnt Rate 7.1 6.9 6.8 6.9 6.8 7.4 7.1 7.0 6.7 6.7 7.7 7.5 7.1
Unemployment 6,661 6,397 6,344 6,505 6,399 6,779 6,648 6,518 6,211 6,281 7,230 6,972 6,642
Employment 86,518 86,176 86,957 87,122 87,587 85,269 86,532 86,698 87,157 87,192 86,747 86,326 87,030
Labor Force93,17992,57393,30193,62793,98692,04893,18093,21693,36893,47393,97793,29893,672

7. Education Infrastructure   go top

7.1. Component School District Characteristics   go top
Districts in this metro. Updated periodically. See related School District interactive table.
District NameCity Name District
Code
Locale
Code
CountyState2012-13
Enrollment
2013 Total
Population
Grade Relevant
Pop Ages 5-17
Gadsden Independent SchoolsSunland Park 35010804135013NM 13,957 64,011 14,690
Hatch Valley Public SchoolsHatch 35012304335013NM 1,321 5,934 1,414
Las Cruces Public SchoolsLas Cruces 35015001335013NM 25,384 152,507 25,486

Number of districts: 3 ... Total enrollment: 40,662
All school districts interactive tables General Demographics | Social | Economic | Housing
All school districts enrollment & adminstratively reported data interactive table.

7.2. Component Higher Education Institution Characteristics   go top
2014-15 School Year. Extended detail Available in subscription edition.
  Institution City Name Code LevelTotal UG EnrollmentFulltime UG EnrollmentTotal Grad EnrollmentFulltime Grad Enrollment
New Mexico State University-Dona Ana Las Cruces, NM1876203 8,448 3,970 0 0
New Mexico State University-Main Campus Las Cruces, NM1880309 12,784 10,668 3,045 1,599

  Number of institutions: 2 ... Total undergraduate enrollment: 21,232
  Levels: 3-Assoc degree, 4-at least 2, but < 4 years, 5-Bach degree, 6-Postbacc cert, 7 Masters degree, 8 Post-masters cert, 9 Doctors degree

8. GeoPolitics   go top
Updated periodically. Voting patterns, citizen voting age population, state legislative districts, congressional districts .. in this metro.
Available in subscription edition.

Notes
  • All data are for current vintage county and metro definition.
  • Developed by ProximityOne -- Metro Reports (888-364-7656)
  • Data sources: ProximityOne, Census Bureau, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Federal Housing Finance Agency,
    National Center for Education Statistics.

Updates go top
The subscription edition updates frequently. Selected items are listed below. Register to receive update notifications.
  • Overview lead narrative; quarterly & annual/March.
  • Housing Price Index (section 5.4) quarterly.
  • Establishments, employment & earnings (section 6.6) quarterly.
  • Economic profile and personal income (section 6.1) annual/November.
  • Labor market situation (section 6.7) monthly.
  • Residential construction; units authorized & value (section 5.3.) monthly.
  • Population by county; annual series 2010-2016 (section 4.2.) annual/July.
  • Population by county; links for individual counties (section 4.2.) annual/July.
      -- includes annual data 2010-2016.
      -- includes components of change; race/origin; single year of age; age group summaries.
  • Total population and components of change; annual/March.
  • Census tracts overview section; annual/December.
  • General Demographics section updated/extended; annual/December.
  • Gross Domestic Product section; annual/September.
  • Higher education institutions; annual/February.
  • Metro & county demographic component detailed annual estimates; annual/March.
  • School districts in metro & K-12 enrollment; annual/August.
More about schedule and upcoming events ... Calendar ... Upcoming Events ... Find Event

Terms of Use go top
Situation & Outlook Reports are a proprietary resource developed by ProximityOne. There is no warranty of any type associated with any aspect of this report. The user of this document is solely responsible to any use, direct or indirect, that might be made of this document.

Related Resources go top
  • Metros main page
  • Current estimates and projections: states to 2030, counties & metros to 2020 by age, counties & states to 2060.
  • Making Custom Metropolitan Area Maps
  • Rental Market Conditions by Metropolitan Area
  • Metro Gross Domestic Product
  • Housing Price Index
  • Establishments, Employment & Earnings
  • Regional Economic Information System
  • ACS 2014 1-year General Demographics ... Social Characteristics ... Economic Characteristics ... Housing Characteristics

Using this Document go top
The Situation & Outlook Report, a component of the Situation & Outlook, is a core ProximityOne information resource providing insights into characteristics and trends of counties, metropolitan areas, states and the U.S. The Report also provides a gateway to drill-down demographic, economic and business data for smaller geographic areas.

Metropolitan areas include approximately 94 percent of the U.S. population -- 85 percent in metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) and 9 percent in micropolitan statistical areas (MISAs).

About Metropolitan Areas & Principal Cities -- scroll section go top
Metropolitan Areas are designated by OMB ("Standards for Delineating Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas") based mainly on Census Bureau-sourced data. Metropolitan areas are defined as Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA) and Micropolitan Statistical Areas (MISA). MSAs and MISAs are also referred to a Core-Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs). Contiguous CBSAs are defined as Combined Statistical Areas (CSA).

By definition, metropolitan areas are comprised of one or more contiguous counties. Metropolitan areas are not single cities and typically include many cities. Metropolitan areas are comprised of urban and rural areas and often have large expanses of rural territory. A business and demographic-economic synergy exists within each metro; metros often interact with adjacent metros. The demographic-economic make-up of metros vary widely and change often. See more about metros.

Principal Cities. The largest city in each metropolitan or micropolitan statistical area is designated a "principal city." Principal cities are designated by OMB based on Census-sourced data. Additional cities qualify as principal cities if specified requirements are met concerning population size and employment. The title of each metropolitan or micropolitan statistical area consists of the names of up to three of its principal cities and the name of each state into which the metropolitan or micropolitan statistical area extends. Titles of metropolitan divisions also typically are based on principal city names but in certain cases consist of county names.

One or more principal cities are designated within each Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) and Micropolitan Statistical Area (MISA). The term "principal city" is defined in the OMB "Standards for Delineating Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas." A principal city is an OMB designation applied to one or more incorporated places and/or census designated places (CDPs). The OMB standards designate a Principal City (or Cities) of a Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as determined by:
  a) The largest incorporated place with a 2010 Census population of at least 10,000 in the CBSA or,
        if no incorporated place of at least 10,000 population is present in the CBSA,
        the largest incorporated place or census designated place in the CBSA; and
  b) Additional places with 2010 Census population of at least 250,000 or in which 100,000 or more persons work; and
  c) Additional places with 2010 Census population of 50,000-250,000,
        and number of workers working in the place meets or exceeds the number of workers living in the place; and
  d) Additional places with 2010 Census population of 10,000-50,000, and at least one-third the population size of the largest place,
        and in which the number of workers working in the place meets or exceeds the number of workers living in the place.

ProximityOne User Group go top
Join the ProximityOne User Group to keep up-to-date with new developments relating to metros and component geography decision-making information resources. Receive updates and access to tools and resources available only to members. Use this form to join the User Group.

Support Using these Resources go top
Learn more about accessing and using demographic-economic data and related analytical tools. Join us in a Data Analytics Lab session. There is no fee for these one-hour Web sessions. Each informal session is focused on a specific topic. The open structure also provides for Q&A and discussion of application issues of interest to participants.

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ProximityOne develops geographic-demographic-economic data and analytical tools and helps organizations knit together and use diverse data in a decision-making and analytical framework. We develop custom demographic/economic estimates and projections, develop geographic and geocoded address files, and assist with impact and geospatial analyses. Wide-ranging organizations use our tools (software, data, methodologies) to analyze their own data integrated with other data. Follow ProximityOne on Twitter at www.twitter.com/proximityone. Contact us (888-364-7656) with questions about data covered in this section or to discuss custom estimates, projections or analyses for your areas of interest.

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