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Situation & Outlook Report

Wausau, WI Metropolitan Statistical Area
(CBSA 48140)
Geographic-Demographic-Economic Characteristics -- access other areas
See about updates.

This section is no longer being updated. Access the permanent replacement section at http://proximityone.com/cbsa/1/cbsa48140.htm. Please bookmark this new URL.

Access 2018 S&O Reports, featuring county and metro projections to 2030, via the interactive table at http://proximityone.com/metros.htm. The 2018 reports are similar but have been greatly expanded and updated.

Contents of this Report
This document is organized into these sections:
1. Recent Trends & Outlook
2. Overview & Updates
3. Reference & Thematic Pattern Maps
3.1. Lay of the Land
3.2. Neighborhood Patterns of Economic Prosperity
4. Population Characteristics & Trends
4.1. Component City Characteristics
4.2. Component County Characteristics
4.2.1. RDEMS Component County Characteristics
4.3. General Demographic Characteristics
5. Housing Characteristics & Trends
5.1. Total Housing Units
5.2. General Housing Characteristics
5.3. Residential Construction; Housing Units Authorized & Value
5.4. Housing Price Index
6. Economic Characteristics & Trends
6.1. Economic Profile
6.2. Cost of Living Indexes
6.3. Cost of Doing Business Indexes
6.4. Consumer Price Index
6.5. Gross Domestic Product
6.6. Establishments, Employment & Earnings by Type of Business
6.7. Labor Market Characteristics & Trends
7. Education Infrastructure
7.1. Component School District Characteristics
7.2. Component Higher Education Institution Characteristics
8. GeoPolitics
  Terms of Use
  Related Resources
  Using this Document
  Updates
  About Metros & Principal Cities
  Glossary


1. Recent Trends & Outlook
Summary of recent business, demographic, economic trends; year-ahead & 5-year outlook.
- the Recent Trends & Outlook section, updated quarterly, covers topics about this metro such as .. assessing the implications of next jobs report .. impact of Fed''s interest rate action .. which sectors are expanding or contracting .. housing market conditions .. insights to help your planning and decision-making. The Recent Trends & Outlook section is available in the subscription edition.

2. Overview & Update
The total population of the Wausau, WI MSA metro changed from 134,069 in 2010 to 135,619 in 2015, a change of 1,799 (1.3%). Among all 917 metros, this metro was ranked number 305 in 2010 and 305 in 2015, based on total population. Annual net migration was -147 (2011), -363 (2012), 142 (2013), -76 (2014), -76 (2015). View annual population estimates and components of change table. See more about population characteristics below.

This metro is projected to have a total population in 2020 of 140,323. The projected population change from 2010 to 2020 is 6,258 (4.7%). The population ages 65 years and over is projected to change from 19,554 (2010) to 27,556 (2020), a change of 8,002 (40.9%). See more about population projections.

Based on per capita personal income (PCPI), this metro was ranked number 171 in 2008 and 216 in 2014. among the 917 metros for which personal income was estimated.The PCPI changed from $39,014 in 2008 to $42,941 in 2014, a change of $3,927 (10.1%). Per capita personal income (PCPI) is a comprehensive measure of individual economic well-being. Use the interactive table to compare PCPI in this metro to other metros. See more about PCPI in Economic Characteristics section below.

282 metropolitan statistical areas, of the total 381, experienced an increase in real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) between 2009 and 2014. This metro ranked number 241 among the 381 metros based on 2014 GDP. The GDP (millions of current dollars) changed from $5,646 in 2009 to $6,978 in 2014 a change of $1,332 (23.59%). Real GDP (millions of real, inflation adjusted, dollars) changed from $5,646 in 2009 to $6,339 in 2014, a change of $693 (12.27%). GDP is the most comprehensive measure of metro economic activity. GDP is the sum of the GDP originating in all industries in the metro. See more about GDP in Economic Characteristics section below.

Attributes of driil-down, small area geography within the metro ... metros account for 65,744 of the national scope 73,056 census tracts (others are in non-metro areas). This metro is comprised of 27 tracts covering the metro wall-to-wall. View, rank, compare demographic-economic attributes of these tracts using the interactive tables. Use the CBSA code 48140; see table usage details below the table.

3. Lay of the Land & Neighborhood Patterns of Economic Prosperity   go top

3.1. Lay of the Land go top
Lay of the Land. The following map shows the metro with bold boundary.
Counties are labeled with county name and state-county FIPS code.

 
  View developed with CV XE GIS software.   See this section to learn about making custom metro maps.

3.2. Patterns of Economic Prosperity by Neighborhood go top

Median household income by census tract (see color/data legend at left of map).

 
  View developed with CV XE GIS software.   See this section to learn about making custom metro maps.

4. Population Characteristics & Trends go top
Updated monthly, quarterly, annually. Housing market conditions and extended detail Available in subscription edition.

4.1. Component City Characteristics go top
Principal Cities (about principal cities); Click link to view city profile.
  •   Wausau

Cities 10,000 population and over; click link to view city profile.
  AreaCensus
2010
July 1
2010
July 1
2011
July 1
2012
July 1
2013
July 1
2014
Change
2010-14
%Change
2010-14
  Wausau, WI (5584475) 39,106 39,107 39,137 39,182 39,281 39,302 195 0.50
  Weston, WI (5586025) 14,868 14,879 14,936 14,917 14,937 14,988 109 0.70

All places interactive tables General Demographics | Social | Economic | Housing
All places time series population estimates interactive table.

4.2. Component County Characteristics   go top
Updated periodically, annually. General demographics, social characteristics and extended detail Available in subscription edition.

Metropolitan areas are defined as one or more contiguous counties based on a set of demographic-economic criteria. Counties comprising the metro are shown below. For multi-county metros, this section provides insights into how the population is changing by county. Many metros changed geographic composition (counties included in the metro) between the Census 2010 vintage and the current vintage. These changes, if any, are also shown below (county is marked with **). See projections in related section.Click county code link to view county components of change.

  AreaJuly 1
2010
PctJuly 1
2011
PctJuly 1
2012
PctJuly 1
2013
PctJuly 1
2014
PctJuly 1
2015
Pct
Metro Summary ... more details 134,069 100.0 134,500 100.0 134,630 100.0 135,266 100.0 135,619 100.0 135,868 100.0
  Marathon County, WI (55073) 134,069 100.0 134,500 100.0 134,630 100.0 135,266 100.0 135,619 100.0 135,868 100.0

All counties interactive tables General Demographics | Social | Economic | Housing
All counties population estimates & components of change time series interactive table.

4.2.1. RDEMS County Characteristics
Updated quarterly. For more information, see RDEMS Main.
Links open HSG1 Housing & New Residential Construction section. Select other sections from list above table.
  Marathon County, WI

4.3. General Demographic Characteristics
Updated annually. For more information, detail & to compare areas use interactive table.
  Item20132014Change
2013-14
%Change
2013-14
Total Population: Race/Origin 135,416 135,780 364 0.27
  One race 132,850 133,565 715 0.54
    White 124,283 124,136 -147 -0.12
    Black/African American 124,283 124,136 -147 -0.12
    American Indian/Alaska Native 258 191 -67 -25.97
    Asian alone 7,188 7,736 548 7.62
    Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 0 25 25...
    Some other race alone 113 374 261 230.97
  Two or more races 2,566 2,215 -351 -13.68
  Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 3,405 3,475 70 2.06
Population 25 years and over 92,895 93,596 701 2.06
  % high school graduate or higher 91.6 92.0 0.4 0.44
  % bachelor's degree or higher 22.2 25.2 3.0 13.51
Total Households 54,422 54,739 317 13.51
  Median household income ($) 51,635 53,300 1,665 3.22
  Mean household income ($) 66,143 67,505 1,362 2.06
  Item20132014Change
2013-14
%Change
2013-14
Total Population: Gender & Age 135,416 135,780 364 0.27
  Male 68,146 67,944 -202 2.06
  Female 67,270 67,836 566 2.06
  Under 5 years 8,475 8,029 -446 2.06
  5 to 9 years 8,072 8,889 817 10.12
  10 to 14 years 9,795 8,807 -988 -10.09
  15 to 19 years 8,700 8,909 209 2.40
  20 to 24 years 7,479 7,550 71 0.95
  25 to 34 years 17,624 16,537 -1,087 -6.17
  35 to 44 years 16,329 16,236 -93 -0.57
  45 to 54 years 20,038 21,081 1,043 5.21
  55 to 59 years 8,944 9,650 706 7.89
  55 to 59 years 8,944 9,650 706 7.89
  60 to 64 years 9,109 8,666 -443 -4.86
  65 to 74 years 11,263 11,528 265 2.35
  75 to 84 years 6,028 6,512 484 8.03
  85 years and over 3,560 3,386 -174 -4.89
  Median age 40.7 41.0 0.3 0.74
  18 years and over 103,358 104,240 882 0.85
  21 years and over 98,605 99,451 846 0.86
  62 years and over 26,178 26,482 304 1.16
  65 years and over 20,851 21,426 575 2.76

5. Housing Characteristics & Trends go top
Updated monthly, quarterly, annually. Housing market conditions and extended detail Available in subscription edition.

5.1. Total Housing Units
Updated Annually. Independent annual model-based estimates. For more information, detail & to compare areas use interactive table.
  ItemCensus
2010
July 1
2010
July 1
2011
July 1
2012
July 1
2013
July 1
2014
Change
2010-2014
%Change
2010-2014
  Total Housing Units 57,734 57,773 57,895 58,033 58,202 58,362 589 1.02

5.2. General Housing Characteristics
Updated Annually. For more information, detail & to compare areas use interactive table.
  Item20132014Change
2013-14
%Change
2013-14
Housing Units: Units in Structure 58,051 58,379 328 0.57
  1-unit, detached 44,159 44,384 225 0.51
  1-unit, attached 1,315 1,409 94 7.15
  2 units 2,848 2,934 86 3.02
  3 or 4 units 1,166 1,191 25 2.14
  5 to 9 units 2,550 3,469 919 36.04
  10 to 20 units 1,664 2,204 540 32.45
  20 or more units 3,085 1,082 -2,003 -64.93
  Item20132014Change
2013-14
%Change
2013-14
Housing Units: Occupancy & Tenure 58,051 58,379 328 0.57
  Occupied Housing Units 54,422 54,739 317 0.58
    Owner 39,322 41,395 2,073 5.27
    Renter 15,100 13,344 -1,756 -11.63
  Vacant Housing Units 3,629 3,640 11 0.30
  Homeowner vacancy rate 1.90 0.70 -1.20...
  Rental vacancy rate 4.70 2.70 -2.00...
Average household size; owner-occ 2.61 2.58 -0.03 -1.15
Average household size; renter-occ 2.05 2.04 -0.01 -0.49
Median Value $ owner occupied 141,900 145,600 3,700 2.61
Median Rent $ renter occupied 678 663 -15 -2.21

5.3. Residential Construction; Housing Units Authorized & Value
Updated Monthly. 12 most recent months. For more information, detail & to compare areas use interactive table.
  ItemAug15Sep15Oct15Nov15Dec15Jan16Feb16Mar16Apr16May16Jun16Jul16
Total Residential Units 12 21 14 10 8 5 8 12 16 11 13 11
  in 1 unit bldgs 12 21 14 10 8 5 8 12 16 11 13 11
  in 2 unit bldgs 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  in 3-4 unit bldgs 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  in 5+ unit bldgs 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  Bldgs with 5+ units 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  Percent Coverage 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 47 47 47 47
Value ($000), Total Units 3,347 4,895 3,027 2,309 1,627 994 1,646 2,458 2,691 2,459 2,885 2,225
  1 unit structures 3,347 4,895 3,027 2,309 1,627 994 1,646 2,458 2,691 2,459 2,885 2,225
  2 unit structures 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  3-4 unit structures 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  5+ unit structures 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

5.4. Housing Price Index go top
Updated quarterly. All transactions; not seasonally adjusted. See related Housing Price Index (HPI) interactive table.
See related 5-Digit ZIP Code HPI interactive table.

    Housing Price Index:2015Q32015Q42016Q12016Q22016Q3
    162.97 161.93 168.86 168.64 169.02
    Quarter-to-Quarter/Year Percent Change:2015Q3-2015Q42015Q4-2016Q12016Q1-2016Q22016Q2-2016Q32015Q3-2016Q3
  -0.64 4.28 -0.13 0.23 3.71
6. Economic Characteristics & Trends go top

6.1. Economic Profile go top
The Economic Profile shows shows derivation and key components of total personal income. Data are organized by place of residence and place of work. The place of residence profile includes estimates of total personal income, population, and per capita personal income. The place of work profile includes estimates of total earnings, total employment and average earnings per job. Updated annually. See related interactive table.

  Item20112012201320142015Change
2011-2015
%Change
2011-2015
Personal income 5,359,366 5,492,915 5,528,560 5,822,439 5,967,444 608,078 11.3
  Net earnings 1/ 3,689,352 3,764,182 3,750,862 3,961,442 4,041,430 352,078 9.5
  Personal current transfer receipts 885,462 892,030 904,464 933,186 970,235 84,773 9.6
    Income maintenance 2/ 73,454 73,743 75,931 74,338 71,528 -1,926 -2.6
    Unemployment insurance compensation 55,112 43,820 31,677 16,118 12,376 -42,736 -77.5
    Retirement and other 756,896 774,467 796,856 842,730 886,331 129,435 17.1
  Dividends, interest, and rent 3/ 784,552 836,703 873,234 927,811 955,779 171,227 21.8
  Population 4/ 134,500 134,630 135,266 135,619 135,868 1,368 1.0
  Per capita personal income 39,847 40,800 40,872 42,932 43,921 4,074 10.2
  Per capita net earnings 27,430 27,959 27,730 29,210 29,745 2,315 8.4
  Per capita personal current transfer receipts 6,583 6,626 6,687 6,881 7,141 558 8.5
    Per capita income maintenance 546 548 561 548 526 -20 -3.7
    Per capita unemployment insurance compensation 410 325 234 119 91 -319 -77.8
    Per capita retirement and other 5,627 5,753 5,891 6,214 6,523 896 15.9
  Per capita dividends, interest, and rent 5,833 6,215 6,456 6,841 7,035 1,202 20.6
  Earnings by place of work 3,894,553 4,223,516 4,288,527 4,509,942 4,628,082 733,529 18.8
    Wages and salaries 2,687,973 2,919,297 3,006,542 3,172,575 3,324,111 636,138 23.7
    Supplements to wages and salaries 767,677 807,219 813,770 833,831 837,724 70,047 9.1
      Employer cont. for empl. pension & insur. funds 6/ 546,021 569,253 570,088 583,667 581,477 35,456 6.5
      Employer cont. for government social insurance 221,656 237,966 243,682 250,164 256,247 34,591 15.6
    Proprietors' income 438,903 497,000 468,215 503,536 466,247 27,344 6.2
      Nonfarm proprietors' income 76,895 69,278 67,372 102,592 65,249 -11,646 -15.1
      Farm proprietors' income 362,008 427,722 400,843 400,944 400,998 38,990 10.8
Total full-time and part-time employment 85,597 86,804 88,019 89,644 90,906 5,309 6.2
  Wage and salary jobs 69,470 71,123 72,270 73,848 74,711 5,241 7.5
  Number of proprietors 16,127 15,681 15,749 15,796 16,195 68 0.4
    Number of nonfarm proprietors 7/ 2,126 2,063 2,101 2,082 2,078 -48 -2.3
    Number of farm proprietors 14,001 13,618 13,648 13,714 14,117 116 0.8
Average earnings per job (dollars) 45,499 48,656 48,723 50,309 50,911 5,412 11.9
  Average wages and salaries 38,693 41,046 41,602 42,961 44,493 5,800 15.0
  Average nonfarm proprietors' income 25,856 31,409 29,370 29,236 28,405 2,549 9.9
Dollar items are in current dollars (not adjusted for inflation). Per capita items in dollars; other dollar items in thousands of dollars.
See related notes.

6.2. Cost of Living Indexes   go top
Updated periodically. Available in subscription edition.

6.3. Cost of Doing Business Indexes   go top
Updated periodically. Available in subscription edition.

6.4. Consumer Price Index   go top
Updated monthly. Available in subscription edition.

6.5. Gross Domestic Product by Sector   go top
Updated quarterly, annually. For more information, detail & to compare areas use interactive table. Additional detail in subscription edition.
  Item200920102011201220132014Change
2009-14
%Change
2009-14
Gross Domestic Product, millions of current dollars 5,646 5,787 5,997 6,331 6,632 6,978 1,332 23.59
Real Gross Domestic Product, millions of real dollars 5,646 5,742 5,862 6,024 6,152 6,339 693 12.27

6.6. Establishments, Employment & Earnings by Detailed Type of Business go top
Updated quarterly. For more information, detail & to compare areas use interactive table.
  SectorEstablishments
2015Q1
Employment
2015Q1
Avg Weekly Wages
2015Q1
Establishments
2015Q2
Employment
2015Q2
Avg Weekly Wages
2015Q2
 Total, all industries 3,372 114,157 788 3,409 116,822 810
 Total, all industries - Fed Govt 26 731 1,147 26 728 986
 Total, all industries - St Govt 15 559 922 15 533 1,078
 Total, all industries - Local Govt 131 10,989 708 130 11,304 771
 Total, all industries - Private 3,200 101,878 793 3,238 104,258 812
    Goods-producing 660 30,822 884 660 32,291 946
      Natural resources and mining 99 1,647 583 98 1,841 610
      Construction 307 3,177 911 306 3,964 1,019
      Manufacturing 254 25,999 900 256 26,485 959
    Service-providing 2,540 71,055 754 2,578 71,967 751
      Trade, transportation & utilities 794 25,994 639 800 25,773 648
      Information 26 654 972 25 647 913
      Financial activities 309 7,984 1,290 318 8,095 1,026
      Professional & business services 395 8,378 885 396 8,812 880
      Education and health services 411 16,387 927 421 16,494 1,038
      Leisure and hospitality 321 8,926 244 333 9,227 242
      Other services 284 2,734 467 285 2,919 471

Notes: cell value of '...' indicates value suppressed to maintain confidentiality.

Use the following links to access detailed establishment and employment data by type of business (CSV files).
  .. see notes on using these files.
  2013Q1 .. 2013Q2 .. 2013Q3 .. 2013Q4 .|. 2014Q1 .. 2014Q2 .. 2014Q3 .. 2014Q4 .|. 2015Q1 .. 2015Q2 .. 2015Q3 .. 2015Q4 .. 2016Q1 .. 2016Q2
 
6.7. Labor Market Characteristics & Trends go top
Updated monthly. Available in subscription edition.
For more information, detail & to compare areas use interactive table.
Table shows 13 most recent months.
  ItemAug15Sep15Oct15Nov15Dec15Jan16Feb16Mar16Apr16May16Jun16Jul16Aug16
Unemplymnt Rate 3.8 3.5 3.4 3.7 3.7 4.6 4.9 4.5 3.9 3.4 3.9 3.7 3.4
Unemployment 2,780 2,548 2,517 2,722 2,749 3,419 3,693 3,347 2,870 2,546 2,966 2,774 2,559
Employment 70,799 70,501 71,600 71,618 72,015 71,452 70,953 71,013 70,667 71,346 72,834 72,881 73,005
Labor Force73,57973,04974,11774,34074,76474,87174,64674,36073,53773,89275,80075,65575,564

7. Education Infrastructure   go top

7.1. Component School District Characteristics   go top
Districts in this metro. Updated periodically. See related School District interactive table.
District NameCity Name District
Code
Locale
Code
CountyState2012-13
Enrollment
2013 Total
Population
Grade Relevant
Pop Ages 5-17
Athens School DistrictAthens 55005704255073WI 485 3,970 879
D C Everest Area School DistrictWeston 55131702355073WI 5,639 33,849 6,207
Edgar School DistrictEdgar 55040804255073WI 648 3,713 744
Marathon City School DistrictMarathon 55086704155073WI 696 4,517 786
Mosinee School DistrictMosinee 55099602355073WI 2,085 12,168 2,177
Spencer School DistrictSpencer 55141904255073WI 776 4,543 895
Stratford School DistrictStratford 55145804255073WI 910 5,138 1,018
Wausau School DistrictWausau 55159001355073WI 8,623 54,793 8,748

Number of districts: 8 ... Total enrollment: 19,862
All school districts interactive tables General Demographics | Social | Economic | Housing
All school districts enrollment & adminstratively reported data interactive table.

7.2. Component Higher Education Institution Characteristics   go top
2014-15 School Year. Extended detail Available in subscription edition.
  Institution City Name Code LevelTotal UG EnrollmentFulltime UG EnrollmentTotal Grad EnrollmentFulltime Grad Enrollment
Globe University‚??Wausau Rothschild, WI4587795 122 79 0 0
Northcentral Technical College Wausau, WI2394604 4,377 1,641 0 0
State College of Beauty Culture Inc Wausau, WI2398774 49 44 0 0

  Number of institutions: 3 ... Total undergraduate enrollment: 4,548
  Levels: 3-Assoc degree, 4-at least 2, but < 4 years, 5-Bach degree, 6-Postbacc cert, 7 Masters degree, 8 Post-masters cert, 9 Doctors degree

8. GeoPolitics   go top
Updated periodically. Voting patterns, citizen voting age population, state legislative districts, congressional districts .. in this metro.
Available in subscription edition.

Notes
  • All data are for current vintage county and metro definition.
  • Developed by ProximityOne -- Metro Reports (888-364-7656)
  • Data sources: ProximityOne, Census Bureau, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Federal Housing Finance Agency,
    National Center for Education Statistics.

Updates go top
The subscription edition updates frequently. Selected items are listed below. Register to receive update notifications.
  • Overview lead narrative; quarterly & annual/March.
  • Housing Price Index (section 5.4) quarterly.
  • Establishments, employment & earnings (section 6.6) quarterly.
  • Economic profile and personal income (section 6.1) annual/November.
  • Labor market situation (section 6.7) monthly.
  • Residential construction; units authorized & value (section 5.3.) monthly.
  • Population by county; annual series 2010-2016 (section 4.2.) annual/July.
  • Population by county; links for individual counties (section 4.2.) annual/July.
      -- includes annual data 2010-2016.
      -- includes components of change; race/origin; single year of age; age group summaries.
  • Total population and components of change; annual/March.
  • Census tracts overview section; annual/December.
  • General Demographics section updated/extended; annual/December.
  • Gross Domestic Product section; annual/September.
  • Higher education institutions; annual/February.
  • Metro & county demographic component detailed annual estimates; annual/March.
  • School districts in metro & K-12 enrollment; annual/August.
More about schedule and upcoming events ... Calendar ... Upcoming Events ... Find Event

Terms of Use go top
Situation & Outlook Reports are a proprietary resource developed by ProximityOne. There is no warranty of any type associated with any aspect of this report. The user of this document is solely responsible to any use, direct or indirect, that might be made of this document.

Related Resources go top
  • Metros main page
  • Current estimates and projections: states to 2030, counties & metros to 2020 by age, counties & states to 2060.
  • Making Custom Metropolitan Area Maps
  • Rental Market Conditions by Metropolitan Area
  • Metro Gross Domestic Product
  • Housing Price Index
  • Establishments, Employment & Earnings
  • Regional Economic Information System
  • ACS 2014 1-year General Demographics ... Social Characteristics ... Economic Characteristics ... Housing Characteristics

Using this Document go top
The Situation & Outlook Report, a component of the Situation & Outlook, is a core ProximityOne information resource providing insights into characteristics and trends of counties, metropolitan areas, states and the U.S. The Report also provides a gateway to drill-down demographic, economic and business data for smaller geographic areas.

Metropolitan areas include approximately 94 percent of the U.S. population -- 85 percent in metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) and 9 percent in micropolitan statistical areas (MISAs).

About Metropolitan Areas & Principal Cities -- scroll section go top
Metropolitan Areas are designated by OMB ("Standards for Delineating Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas") based mainly on Census Bureau-sourced data. Metropolitan areas are defined as Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA) and Micropolitan Statistical Areas (MISA). MSAs and MISAs are also referred to a Core-Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs). Contiguous CBSAs are defined as Combined Statistical Areas (CSA).

By definition, metropolitan areas are comprised of one or more contiguous counties. Metropolitan areas are not single cities and typically include many cities. Metropolitan areas are comprised of urban and rural areas and often have large expanses of rural territory. A business and demographic-economic synergy exists within each metro; metros often interact with adjacent metros. The demographic-economic make-up of metros vary widely and change often. See more about metros.

Principal Cities. The largest city in each metropolitan or micropolitan statistical area is designated a "principal city." Principal cities are designated by OMB based on Census-sourced data. Additional cities qualify as principal cities if specified requirements are met concerning population size and employment. The title of each metropolitan or micropolitan statistical area consists of the names of up to three of its principal cities and the name of each state into which the metropolitan or micropolitan statistical area extends. Titles of metropolitan divisions also typically are based on principal city names but in certain cases consist of county names.

One or more principal cities are designated within each Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) and Micropolitan Statistical Area (MISA). The term "principal city" is defined in the OMB "Standards for Delineating Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas." A principal city is an OMB designation applied to one or more incorporated places and/or census designated places (CDPs). The OMB standards designate a Principal City (or Cities) of a Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as determined by:
  a) The largest incorporated place with a 2010 Census population of at least 10,000 in the CBSA or,
        if no incorporated place of at least 10,000 population is present in the CBSA,
        the largest incorporated place or census designated place in the CBSA; and
  b) Additional places with 2010 Census population of at least 250,000 or in which 100,000 or more persons work; and
  c) Additional places with 2010 Census population of 50,000-250,000,
        and number of workers working in the place meets or exceeds the number of workers living in the place; and
  d) Additional places with 2010 Census population of 10,000-50,000, and at least one-third the population size of the largest place,
        and in which the number of workers working in the place meets or exceeds the number of workers living in the place.

ProximityOne User Group go top
Join the ProximityOne User Group to keep up-to-date with new developments relating to metros and component geography decision-making information resources. Receive updates and access to tools and resources available only to members. Use this form to join the User Group.

Support Using these Resources go top
Learn more about accessing and using demographic-economic data and related analytical tools. Join us in a Data Analytics Lab session. There is no fee for these one-hour Web sessions. Each informal session is focused on a specific topic. The open structure also provides for Q&A and discussion of application issues of interest to participants.

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ProximityOne develops geographic-demographic-economic data and analytical tools and helps organizations knit together and use diverse data in a decision-making and analytical framework. We develop custom demographic/economic estimates and projections, develop geographic and geocoded address files, and assist with impact and geospatial analyses. Wide-ranging organizations use our tools (software, data, methodologies) to analyze their own data integrated with other data. Follow ProximityOne on Twitter at www.twitter.com/proximityone. Contact us (888-364-7656) with questions about data covered in this section or to discuss custom estimates, projections or analyses for your areas of interest.

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