Census Tract Economic Characteristics ACS 2017
-- tools & data to analyze neighborhood level employment, occupation, income, insurance, poverty, more
January 2019. Census tracts are important for many reasons. It is easy to misidentify or misunderstand patterns and characteristics within cities, counties and metros which can become blurred using these higher level, more aggregate geographies alone. Many cities and counties that might be experiencing demographic-economic decline will often have bright spots that are groups of a few or many census tracts.
This section is focused on tools, resources and methods that you can use to access, integrate and analyze U.S. by census tract economic characteristics data. The U.S. national scope Census Tracts Demographic-Economic Dataset contains approximately 600 subject matter items tabulated for each census tract organized into four subject matter groups:
Economic Characteristics (this section)
Use the interactive table in this section to view, query, rank, compare general demographics for all tracts in the U.S. Data in this section are based on the American Community Survey (ACS) 2017 5-year estimates.
Current Estimates & Projections
ACS tract/small area estimates lag by four years or more between the current year and reference year. ACS does not produce current year annual estimates but estimates based on a 5-year period. The 2017 ACS estimates are centric to 2015. Use the ProximityOne annual tract estimates and projections 2010 through 2023 for current year (e.g., characteristics as of 2018) estimates and anticipated change 5 years ahead.
Patterns of Economic Prosperity by Census Tract
The following graphic shows median household income (item E062 in interactive table below) by census tract based on ACS 2017 5 year estimates. Zoom-in view focused on Texas showing Austin-Round Rock, Dallas-Fort Worth, Houston, San Antonio metros with bold red-brown metros. (click link to view Situation & Outlook report), Click graphic for larger view, more detail (shows county layer) and legend color/data intervals. This map illustrates the geographic level of detail available using census tract demographics and the relative ease to gain insights using geospatial data analytics tools.
- View developed using CV XE GIS and related GIS project.
Use the interactive ranking table in this section to view, query, rank, compare economic characteristics of the population, households and families in these areas. The scroll box shown below lists each of the subject matter items available for each area via the ranking table. The number at the left of the subject matter item is also used as the short name for the subject matter item in the column header in the ranking table.
Economic Characteristics Items
.. a few item names and numbers changed from previous year data/table.
Census Tract Economic Characteristics Interactive Table ACS 2017
Click column header to sort; click again to sort other direction. See usage notes below table.
Data based on ACS 2017 5 year estimates. See related interactive tables
Note -- the table may require a few seconds or more than a minute to initially load depending on Internet speed.
Tract code column: Census 2010 census tract code structured as 11 characters:
- ss (state postal code) + ccc (county FIPS code) + tttttt (Census 2010 census tract code).
- all 11 characters required to uniquely identify a tract code.
Use Select Tract button to select one tract:
- enter 11-character State+County FIPS code in edit box at right of Tract button.
- click ShowAll button.
- click Select Tract button to view/analyze selected tract.
Use StCty button to select/filter for all tracts in a county:
- enter 5-character State+County FIPS code in edit box at right of StCty button.
- click ShowAll button.
- click StCty button to view/analyze tracts in this county.
Use CBSA button to select/filter for all tracts in a CBSA/metro:
- get 5-character CBSA code from scroll section at right above table.
- enter CBSA 5-character code in edit box at right of CBSA button.
- click ShowAll button.
- click CBSA button to view/analyze tracts in this CBSA.
Click ShowAll button between specific queries.
Cells with -1 value could not be estimated (for this geography and this time frame).
Use address look-up tool to determine census tract, city/place and other geocode/area name/demographics based on address.
View of Houston Area Showing Tract 48201510200
Create a similar view using the default US1.GIS project distributed with the CVXEGIS software.
Importance of Census Tracts for Data Analytics
Census tracts are important for many reasons.
Covering the U.S. wall-to-wall, census tracts are the preferred "small area" geography for superior data analytics.
The Census Bureau now produces annual tract demographic-economic data from the American Community Survey;
.. there is an evolving time-series at the tract level creating new analytical opportunities.
Originally developed to equivalence neighborhoods, many still do.
Defined by the Census Bureau in collaboration with local groups,
.. tracts typically reflect boundaries meaningful for local area analysis.
Defined generally for use with each new decennial census, most tract boundaries are stable
.. and non-changing for ten years and many much longer.
Designed to average 4,000 population,
.. there are more than twice as many census tracts (73,056) than ZIP code areas (33,129).
Tract boundaries are well-defined; unlike ZIP code areas which are subject to multi-sourced geographic definitions.
Many data developers (e.g., epidemiologists) use census tract geography to tabulate their own small area data
.. enabling more effective use of those data with Census Bureau census tract data.
A statistical geographic area (in contrast to politically defined areas),
.. census tracts are coterminous with counties;
.. data at the census tract level can be aggregated to the county level.
Small area estimates for tracts are typically more reliable than for block groups.
.. census tracts are comprised on one or more coterminous block groups.
.. on average, a census tract is comprised of three block groups.
Census tracts are used by many Federal, state and local governments for compliance and program management.
The ACS provides "richer" demographic-economic characteristics for national scope census tracts. While Census 2010 provides data similar to those items in the General Demographics section, only ACS sourced data provide details on topics such as income and poverty, labor force and employment, housing value and costs, educational participation and attainment, language spoken at home, among many related items. The approximate 600 items accessible via the tract dataset are supplemented by a wide range of additional subject matter. ACS census tract data are updated annually in December of each year.
Find Geocodes Based on Address go top
Summary of steps to use the "Find tract code based on address..." tool located in the upper right of this page.
Enter an address in the three line form (no ZIP code).
Click Find button and the census tract and related geocodes are returned.
Copy the last 11 digits of the returned GEOID to clipboard (e.g., 06085508101).
Paste that value in the edit box to the right of the "Select Area" button below the interactive table.
Replace the first two characters (e.g., 06) with the uppercase USPS state abbreviation (e.g. CA).
Click the Select Area button; the table refreshes with the selected tract.
.. optionally right click the row and copy tract attributes to clipboard.
.. paste in application such as spreadsheet program.
.. join us in a Data Analytics Lab session to review use of operations.
Table empty? Click the ShowAll button then click Select Area button again.
Use the Location-Based Demographics tool to view a demographic profile for an address.
ProximityOne User Group
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Support Using these Resources
Learn more about accessing and using demographic-economic data and related analytical tools. Join us in a Data Analytics Lab session. There is no fee for these one-hour Web sessions. Each informal session is focused on a specific topic. The open structure also provides for Q&A and discussion of application issues of interest to participants.
ProximityOne develops geodemographic-economic data and analytical tools and helps organizations knit together and use diverse data in a decision-making and analytical framework. We develop custom demographic/economic estimates and projections, develop geographic and geocoded address files, and assist with impact and geospatial analyses. Wide-ranging organizations use our tools (software, data, methodologies) to analyze their own data integrated with other data. Follow ProximityOne on Twitter at www.twitter.com/proximityone. Contact us (888-364-7656) with questions about data covered in this section or to discuss custom estimates, projections or analyses for your areas of interest.