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Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA) Geography
  -- 2,378 U.S. wall-to-wall areas; geography for custom microdata estimates
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Visual analysis with ProximityOne tools
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visually analyze clients/markets
site analysis using 1 mile radius

S1

$median household income
patterns by census tract - Houston

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113th Congressional Districts

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US Asian Indian population 2010

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geocoded students and school
McKinney ISD, TX

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geocoded students and school
with tax parcels & streets

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high school attendance zones
with schools by type

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%high school graduates by
census tract - Puerto Rico

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Austin, TX MSA counties &
places 10K+ population markers

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Appalachia counties (green) &
coalfield counties (orange)

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China provinces percent urban &
cities (markers) by state plan

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Honolulu census tracts (red)
& census blocks


Central Park area NYC

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Kansas City Metro & Counties
Home Depot locations (markers)

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World Cities; focus on Spain

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Data Analytics Blog
Power of Combining Maps with Data

Support & Technical Assistance
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PUMA Map Views by State
scroll section
    Alabama
    Alaska
    Arizona
    Arkansas
    California
    Colorado
    Connecticut
    Delaware
    District of Columbia
    Florida
    Georgia
    Hawaii
    Idaho
    Illinois
    Indiana
    Iowa
    Kansas
    Kentucky
    Louisiana
    Maine
    Maryland
    Massachusetts
    Michigan
    Minnesota
    Mississippi
    Missouri
    Montana
    Nebraska
    Nevada
    New Hampshire
    New Jersey
    New Mexico
    New York
    North Carolina
    North Dakota
    Ohio
    Oklahoma
    Oregon
    Pennsylvania
    Rhode Island
    South Carolina
    South Dakota
    Tennessee
    Texas
    Utah
    Vermont
    Virginia
    Washington
    West Virginia
    Wisconsin
    Wyoming
    Puerto Rico

Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs) provide most detailed U.S. wall-to-wall geography (2,378 areas) for which current year demographic-economic data are available and annually updated. Use the related Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) data to develop custom-defined subject matter estimates for one or all PUMAs.

PUMA Summary Statistic Data
2010 vintage PUMA summary statistic data, based on the ACS 2012 1-year estimates, may be accessed via these interactive tables:
  • General Demographics
  • Social Characteristics
  • Economic Characteristics
  • Housing Characteristics

PUMA Microdata
Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) files provide a way to develop custom estimates of demographic summary statistics for PUMAs, states and the U.S. The American Community Survey (ACS) PUMS files are comprised of samples of individual respondent person and housing unit records. The ACS PUMS files are released annually providing a means to develop similar custom estimates with annual updates.

2010 Vintage PUMA Geography
The 2,378 2010 vintage PUMAs are developed using Census 2010 geography, cover the U.S. wall-to-wall, conform to state boundaries, and where possible are comprised of whole Census 2010 census tracts. The first use of the 2010 vintage PUMAs is with the ACS 2012 PUMS and 1-year summary statistic data. Use the interactive table in this section to examine 2010 PUMAs and PUMA component area geography.

While PUMS files contain data for respondents across the U.S., most lower level geography are not identified by any variables in the PUMS files. The PUMA is the most detailed unit of geography identified in the PUMS files.

PUMAs are special non-overlapping areas that partition each state into contiguous geographic units containing no fewer than 100,000 people each. 2010 PUMAs were built on census tracts, and cover the entirety of the United States and Puerto Rico.

Mapping PUMAs
What are the PUMA boundaries? How do they relate to other geography? Use the CV XE GeoGateway to view PUMA shapefiles. Zoom into one or a set of PUMAs. Overlay county or other geography. Integrate your PUMS summary statistic estimates into the PUMA shapefiles; display thematic pattern maps of the custom estimates. See New York PUMA applications and more detailed Arizona by PUMA views.

Public Use Microdata Area PUMA 2010 Vintage Geography -- interactive table
  There is one row for each PUMA and PUMA component area. Table may require a minute to populate.
  Click column header to sort; click again to sort other direction. See related Ranking Tables Main Page

Table Notes and Usage
Columns:
  • SumLev - geographic summary level code (select below table)
  • State - state FIPS code
  • PUMA - PUMA code -- unique within state
  • County - county FIPS code
  • CCD - county subdivision code
  • Place - place code
  • Population - Census 2010 population
  • Hsg Units - Census 2010 housing units
  • Name - PUMA name or PUMA component area name

Operations:
  • Click ShowAll button between queries.
  • To view the list of all PUMAs (PUMA summary level 795 only):
      - click ShowAll button.
      - optionally select a state (left dropdown below table).
      - click SummaryLevel selector below table and choose 795; table refreshes.
      - you can confirm there are 2,378 PUMAs in the U.S.
        > estimate custom summary statistics for any one/all of these areas using PUMS data using CV XE Crosstabs.
      - optionally rank on population (or other column) -- dbl-click header cell.
      - you can confirm the Census 2010 population of the smallest population PUMA is 100,020.
      - you can confirm the Census 2010 population of the largest population PUMA is 268,718.
  • To view the list of all cities/places:
      - click ShowAll button.
      - optionally select a state (left dropdown below table).
      - click SummaryLevel selector below table and choose 798; table refreshes.
      - optionally rank on population (or other column) -- dbl-click header cell.
  • To view the list of all components by area name:
      - click ShowAll button.
      - key-in case sensitive partial/whole name in text box to right of Find in Name button.
      - click Find in Name button. Table refreshes.
      - default shows NYC for New York City; other examples: Los Angeles County.
      - optionally rank on population (or other column) -- dbl-click header cell.

Support Using these Resources
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Additional Information
ProximityOne develops geographic-demographic-economic data and analytical tools and helps organizations knit together and use diverse data in a decision-making and analytical framework. We develop custom demographic/economic estimates and projections, develop geographic and geocoded address files, and assist with impact and geospatial analyses. Wide-ranging organizations use our tools (software, data, methodologies) to analyze their own data integrated with other data. Follow ProximityOne on Twitter at www.twitter.com/proximityone. Contact ProximityOne (888-364-7656) with questions about data covered in this section or to discuss custom estimates, projections or analyses for your areas of interest.


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