City-Place Population Estimates & Trends: 2010-2016
May 2017 .. view how the population is changing in cities of interest using the interactive table below. Use the buttons below the table to view a selected city, all cities in a state, cities in a county, cities in a metro or cities in a peer group size class.
The change in U.S. city population from 2010 to 2016 ranged from growth of 345,647 in New York City to a decline of -38,293 in Detroit, MI. New York City is actually five counties; the next largest city growth was Houston, TX with a 197,857 population gain. This section provides access to tools and data to examine individual city population trends and compare cities in states, regions and peer groups. See cities with largest growth or decline using the interactive table below. Use the U.S. by cities shapefile with your GIS projects. See details below.
The July 1, 2016 Census Bureau model-based estimates (see about these data below) for the U.S. 19,510 incorporated cities show a total population of 203,314,546 compared to 192,174,578 as of Census 2010. These areas are incorporated cities as recognized by their corresponding state governments and granted certain governmental rights and responsibilities. ProximityOne integrates these estimates, with related data, in models to develop projections, examine change and assess the impact of change.
Patterns of City Percent Change in Population 2010-16
-- Cities 10,000 Population & Over
Use the CV XE GIS software with cities GIS project to examine characteristics of city/place population, 2010-2016. The following view shows patterns of population percent change, 2010-16 for cities with 2016 population of 10,000 or more. Use the interactive table below to see that among cities with 2016 population of 10,000 and over that Buda, TX had the largest percent change (98.8%) while Avenal, CA experienced the largest percent decrease (-18.4).
- View developed using the CV XE GIS software. Click graphic for larger view.
Fastest Growing Cities in the Dallas, TX Metro
-- Cities 10,000 Population & Over; create views like this for any metro/county
It is easy to see which cities are growing the fastest using the thematic pattern view below. It is also easy to see how the cities relate to each other geographically and in context of county boundaries. The following view shows patterns of population percent change, 2010-16 for cities with 2016 population of 10,000 or more in the Dallas metro area.
- View developed using the CV XE GIS software.
Drill-down -- Fastest Growing Cities in the Dallas, TX Metro
-- Cities 10,000 Population & Over
Zoom into the north Dallas metro area and label the cities with name. The following view shows patterns of population percent change, 2010-16 for cities with 2016 population of 10,000 or more in the Dallas metro area.
- View developed using the CV XE GIS software. Click graphic for larger view; expand browser window for best quality view.
City/Place Demographics in Context
State & Regional Demographic-Economic Characteristics & Patterns
.. individual state sections with analytical tools & data access to block level
Metropolitan Area Situation & Outlook
.. continuously updated characteristics, patterns & trends for each/all metros
Related City/Place Demographic-Economic Interactive Tables
ACS 2015 5-year estimates
.. General Demographics ... Social ... Economic ... Housing Characteristics
Using the Interactive Table
Use the interactive table below view, rank, query and compare cities of interest. View the list of cities with the largest 2016 population by dbl-clicking the header cell "Population 7/1/2016" in the table. Place a state query on the table to select cities in a state of interest and click the header cell "Population 7/1/2016" to view cities in that state ranked by size. Choose other columns to view other relationships.
City/Place Population Estimates & Trends Interactive Table: 2010-2016
See usage notes below ranking table. See related interactive tables.
Rank on any column by clicking column header; use mouse-over on column header to view description of item.
Use horizontal bar, slide right, to view 2016 population, 2010-16 change and percent change.
.. use buttons below table for selective columns view.
Click ShowAll between queries/filters.
Use left-most column to select by state.
Find in Name button; click ShowAll button first
.. click Find in Name button to search column 1 for text in edit box.
.. text entered in edit box is case sensitive.
.. partial names are okay to use.
.. click with default value to view all rows with "Houston" (no quotes)
Find in CBSA button; click ShowAll button first
.. click Find in CBSA button to search column 6 for text in edit box.
.. text entered in edit box must be the 5-character CBSA code.
.. click with default value to view all rows with "26420" (no quotes)
... 26420 is the Houston, TX metro CBSA code
.. enter the CBSA code for a metro of interest.
Find in County button; click ShowAll button first
.. click FindCounty button to search column 5 for text in edit box.
.. text entered in edit box must be the 5-character state+county FIPS code.
.. click with default value to view all rows with "48201" (no quotes)
... 48201 is the Harris County, TX state+county FIPS code
.. enter the state+county FIPS code for county of interest.
Selected columns buttons
ColSet1 - click to view the set of all years and 2010-16 change columns.
Population Min & Max> button
.. click to show only peer group counties based on values
in min and max edit boxes.
.. enter the minimum 2016 population in the left edit box.
.. enter the maximum 2016 population in the right edit box.
Click ShowAll between queries/filters.
Using the U.S. by Cities Shapefile with Integrated Demographics -- goto top
The U.S. by city/place shapefile is developed/updated annually as part of the Census Bureau TIGER/Line digital map database. It is the most authoritative and up-to-date source of annually updated incorporated city boundaries. ProximityOne integrates the city population annual time series estimates into the smoothed version of the national U.S. by place shapefile.
Users of the CV XE GIS Level 2 or Level 3 software with an active support license may download the U.S. by place shapefile at no fee. The U.S. by place shapefile with integrated estimates may be used with any software that can process shapefiles.
About These Data -- goto top
City and sub-county population estimates are developed annually by the Census Bureau. The model-based estimates are normally released in May (e.g., 7/1/16 estimates released in May 2017). Population estimates for incorporated places the city with boundaries as defined as of January 1, 2016.
The legal designations, powers, and functions of incorporated places vary from state to state. Incorporated places include cities, towns (except in New England, New York, and Wisconsin where towns are county administrative subdivision), boroughs (except in Alaska where boroughs are treated as equivalents of counties and New York where five boroughs comprise New York City) and villages. Incorporated places can cross both county boundaries.
ProximityOne assigns each city to a county and CMSA/metro (if located in a CBSA). The county is assigned using a U.S. by city point shapefile. The county is assigned to a city for the county that contains the city point (internal area latitude-longitude). The CBSA code is assigned based on the county code (all CBSAs are comprised of one of more counties).
Data in Excel/Database Structure
Data shown in the table are available in the form of Excel, CSV or DBF structure. Users of the shapefile (described above may use the dbf part of the shapefile for tabular/spread-type analysis and to integrate with other data.
GISNews Group -- goto top
Members of the ProximityOne GISNews Group receive emails announcing availability of new shapefiles such as the one described above and related information on using GIS tools and data.
GISNews is a member-based group. There is no fee. Join here. GISNews is intended for those interested in GIS but with little or no experience. as well as for developers and GIS specialists.
ProximityOne User Group -- goto top
Join the ProximityOne User Group to keep up-to-date with new developments relating to metros and component geography decision-making information resources. Receive updates and access to tools and resources available only to members. Use this form to join the User Group.
Support Using these Resources
Learn more about accessing and using demographic-economic data and related analytical tools. Join us in a Data Analytics Lab session. There is no fee for these one-hour Web sessions. Each informal session is focused on a specific topic. The open structure also provides for Q&A and discussion of application issues of interest to participants.
ProximityOne develops geodemographic-economic data and analytical tools and helps organizations knit together and use diverse data in a decision-making and analytical framework. We develop custom demographic/economic estimates and projections, develop geographic and geocoded address files, and assist with impact and geospatial analyses. Wide-ranging organizations use our tools (software, data, methodologies) to analyze their own data integrated with other data. Follow ProximityOne on Twitter at www.twitter.com/proximityone. Contact us (888-364-7656) with questions about data covered in this section or to discuss custom estimates, projections or analyses for your areas of interest.