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... assessing trends & patterns: forming visions of & for the future
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$median household income
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113th Congressional Districts

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The "school district community" shares the same geographic boundary as the school district. Yet, the school district community is broader than the schools, students and educational infrastructure. It is comprised of the total population living within the school district. The school district community includes all of the housing, transportation facilities, security, recreational resources, and businesses within the school district boundaries. The geography of the school district is often different than the related city or county.

Please share this section with others who might benefit; see share buttons at right. Use this form to share your thoughts on how we can improve this section.

About the School District Community ... scroll section ...
What is the educational attainment of the school district community? How might it impact K-12 educational performance and opportunities? The 2010 U.S. national percent high school graduate or higher was 85.6%. Get annually updated educational attainment data for any school district from American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

What is the enrollment by type of educational institution/level in the school district community? How might relatively larger or smaller non-K-12 education and enrollments impact the K-12 education?

What are the demographics of property taxpayers in the school district community, who typically finance much or most of the school district's programs? What is their age, gender, race/ethnicity? The 2010 U.S. national median age was 37.2 years; 16.4% of the total population (309,349,689) was Hispanic. What is the mobility among school district community residents? 84.6% of the population lived in the same house as one year earlier.

The vibrancy of the economy supporting the school district is of obvious importance. What are the characteristics of the workforce and employment? How do income and poverty characteristics impact the school district? In 2010, the U.S. median household income was $50,046; the per capita income was $26,059. The percent of families with income below the poverty level was 11.3%; all people 15.3%; under 18 years 21.6%.

What are characteristics of household composition and family structure? How might these attributes affect growth of the school district community? In 2010, family households comprised 66.4% of all U.S. households (aka occupied housing units: 114,567,419); the average household size was 2.63.

Knowing more about the foreign born population and language spoken at home can provide a better picture of possible special needs of one district compared to another. In 2010, of the U.S population ages 5 and over, 8.7% spoke a language other than English at home and spoke English "less than very well." 12.9% of the total population was foreign-born; 43.7% of the foreign born population were citizens (foreign-born and not a U.S. citizen: 22,479,772).

The school district community is home to the voters who vote on bonds that affect the staffing, school structure and funding for the school district operations; this directly affects educational resources and opportunities. Knowing about the school district community citizenship status and voting propensities are important. In 2010, 70.6% of the U.S. population was 18 years of age or older. Data on citizenship are available for each school district from American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

What are the characteristics of parents and others in the school district community commuting and journey to/from work? What can these data tell us about special needs or issues that exist? In 2010, the U.S. national mean travel time to work was 25.3 minutes.

How has the recession affected the school district community housing values ... home ownership versus renters? Attributes of the school district community housing stock, such as age and structure, gives insights into dynamics and growth. As of 2010, 41.3% of the total U.S. housing units (131,791,065) were built before 1970; 65.4% of the occupied housing units were owner occupied; the median value of owner occupied units was $179,900. Keep up-to-date with annual updates from American Community Survey 5-year estimates available for each school district.

Big Data Analytics & the School District Community
In 2014, 54.2 million people were enrolled in K-12 schools (based on ACS 2014 table DP2). In most cases, data are maintained for each student ranging from address, attendance and enrollment to test scores ... among other). The K-12 school age population is enrolled in more than 130,000 combined public and private schools. In FY 2010, school districts had $524 billion in current expenditures (based on SDFA 2010). Individual school districts, as well and state and national groups of schools and school districts, maintain "big data." The opportunities to develop better plans and improve educational outcomes through data analytics are enormous, and can be of enormous consequence.

School/school district "big data analytics" are broader than those data only about students, staff and facilities. They include all the other dimensions about the school district community as summarized in this section.

Insights into the School District Community
... a guide to using ProximityOne Web-based data about the school district community ...

See notes below regarding longitudinal analysis and national scope time series richer demographic-economic data.

Recent updates:
Latest ... Options to Access Median Household Income (#MHI) by School District
... "tip of the day" program showing alternative ways to access and use $MHI
... how to get the most up-to-date data.
... illustrates process using $MHI but applies to wide-ranging subject matter
... see http://proximityone.com/schooldistrict_mhi.htm

1. School District ACS 2014 5-year Estimates Interactive Tables
... get most up-to-date demographic-economic data for districts of interest
... interactive tables, datasets & GIS projects
... General Demographics ... Social Characteristics
... Economic Characteristics ... Housing Characteristics

2. Census Tract ACS 2014 5-year Estimates Interactive Tables
... neighborhood-oriented drill-down data; interactive tables, datasets & GIS projects
... General Demographics ... Social Characteristics
... Economic Characteristics ... Housing Characteristics

3. K-12 Data Analytics -- Dallas ISD
... tools, data & methods to analyze schools in context
... illustrative guide; apply tools to your districts of interest
... see http://proximityone.com/k12_schools_data_analytics_dallasisd.htm

4. Using School Attendance Zones; 2013-14 School Year
... national scope school attendance zone boundary files
... see http://proximityone.com/saz.htm ... mapping Hawaii school attendance zones
... join us in a Web session where we review these data and analyses.

5. Local Education Agency Characteristics (2012-13)
... all local education agencies interactive table
... http://proximityone.com/sddmi.htm#table

6. K-12 Public Schools (2012-13)
... GIS resources & all school interactive table
... http://proximityone.com/k12publicschools.htm

7. K-12 Private Schools (2011-12)
... GIS resources & all school interactive table
... http://proximityone.com/k12privateschools.htm

8. K-12 Public Schools by Urban/Rural Status (2012-13)
... each school location coded to census block; associated with urban area
... GIS resources & all school interactive table
... http://proximityone.com/sch1213ua.htm

9. California Public Schools: Performance Demographic Analysis
... associating school academic performance index with census tract demographics
... using GIS resources & all school interactive table
... http://proximityone.com/caschools.htm

10. 2013-14 School District Boundary Shapefile & School District Size
... details, illustrative applications, school district size interactive table
... http://proximityone.com/schooldistricts_2013-14.htm

11. School District Urban, Suburban, Rural Classification & Patterns
... mapping/viewing patterns: school districts by urban-rural locale code
... http://proximityone.com/schooldistrictlocale.htm

12. Children's Demographics by School District
... examine children's demographic economic characteristics by school district
... http://proximityone.com/sdst0812.htm

13. 100 Largest School Districts
... http://proximityone.com/lgsd.htm

14. Children in Households
... examining patterns of change & children by age by sub school district geography
- http://proximityone.com/children_in_households.htm

15. Grant Writer Tools & Resources
... Summary Guide to Resources

Additional Analytical resources & tools:

1. Situation & Outlook Comparative Analysis Profiles -- http://proximityone.com/s&o_comparative_profiles.htm
(look up your district and the state or peer district)

2. Visual Analysis of School District(s) Using GIS
  • Use the CVXE GIS software and GIS project focused on your areas of interest.
  • Strategic planning and collaborative resource ... visually knit together school, school district and other geography.
  • Tie-in markers showing student and school locations on your computer.
  • Develop thematic maps showing patterns.
  • Get started now ...
    - make a custom map of a school district with detailed road/street overlay ... on your computer.
    - make map view for one school district or many ... select any school district(s) in U.S.
    - automatically create map view on optional OpenStreetLayer base layer.
    - optionally overlay other geography such as cities, census tracts, block group, etc.
    - get started with the no-fee CV XE GIS Viewer ... use installer ... follow step-by-step tutorial ... example McKinney ISD, TX
  • 2013-14 school district boundary shapefiles ... more information.

3. Custom Demographic-Economic Comparative Analysis Profiles
  • Based on data described in item 5; augmented with narrative summary.
  • Includes additional single year of age data.
  • Includes map views developed using resources described in item 2 above.
  • For your school district compared to other geographies.
  • Contact us to get started now (mention custom school district profile).


4. Web/API Access to School District Demographics
  • Use the Demographic-Economic Data Extraction (DEDE) to access detailed demographics.
  • Data by school district and other areas.
  • More information: http://proximityone.com/dede.htm.


5. School District Demographic-Economic Interactive Ranking Tables
  • Most current demographic-economic characteristics available for all school districts
  • Several hundred (600+) most widely used subject matter items; based ACS 2012 5 year estimates
  • These data are one year updated to those shown in item 9 below.
  • General Demographics -- http://proximityone.com/sd12dp1.htm
  • Social Characteristics -- http://proximityone.com/sd12dp2.htm
  • Economic Characteristics -- http://proximityone.com/sd12dp3.htm
  • Housing Characteristics -- http://proximityone.com/sd12dp4.htm

6. ACS 2012 1-year estimates; updated annually
  • Most current demographic-economic characteristics available for school districts 65,000 population or more.
  • Characteristics of the 986 largest school districts (population 65,000 and over) including other wide-ranging geography.
  • Several hundred (600+) most widely used subject matter items; based ACS 2011 1-year estimates
  • Compare districts; e.g. most educated-least educated and richest-poorest school districts.
  • Interactive ranking table -- http://proximityone.com/acs2012.htm.

7. View/compare Census 2010 demographics with ACS 2010 1-year estimates
  • Examine relationships among school districts.
  • The largest school districts (population 65,000 and over) including other wide-ranging geography.
  • Interactive ranking table -- http://proximityone.com/acs2010.htm.

8. Examine characteristics of individual schools
  • Interactive ranking tables enables viewing all schools in a district or schools by peer group.
  • Includes enrollment by grade, race/ethnicity and other attributes.
  • Includes attributes of the census tract where school location (median household income).
  • Interactive ranking table -- http://proximityone.com/k12publicschools.htm.

9. "Richer demographics" school district profiles; updated annually
School districts being added progressively by state ... scroll box:
Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California
Colorado Connecticut Delaware D.C. Florida
Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana
Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine
Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi
Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire
New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota
Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island
South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah
Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin
Wyoming        

10. Census 2010 single year of age demographics -- http://proximityone.com/sdage.htm
-- here you can anticipate the size of grade K in 2015
(look up your district)

11. School district demographic change 2000-2010 -- http://proximityone.com/sd0010.htm
(look up a district; view district in relationship to US/state ranked on a column/subject matter item)

12. Demographic estimates & projections to 2020 -- http://proximityone.com/demographics2020.htm
(look up a county/metro; view county/metro in relation to US/state ranked on a column -- no school district data)

13. ZIP Code demographics by school district -- http://proximityone.com/zip-sd.htm
(look up a district; view district in relationship to US/state ranked on a column/subject matter item)

14. School district revenue and expenditure patterns -- http://proximityone.com/sdfa.htm
(look up a district; view district in relationship to US/state ranked on a column/subject matter item)

15. State by State school districts richer demographics (ACS 5 yr - not in Census 2010)
ranking table; updates annually (Dec 2011)
(look up a district; view district in relationship to US/state ranked on a column/subject matter item)
Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California
Colorado Connecticut Delaware D.C. Florida
Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana
Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine
Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi
Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire
New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota
Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island
South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah
Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin
Wyoming

16. State by State census tract demographics (ACS 5 yr - not in Census 2010)
ranking table; updates annually (Dec 2011)
(determine census tracts for your district for geographic drill down into the district)
Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California
Colorado Connecticut Delaware D.C. Florida
Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana
Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine
Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi
Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire
New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota
Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island
South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah
Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin
Wyoming

17. State by State visual analysis patterns -- http://proximityone.com/gallery/guide/kansas.htm
Thematic maps showing patterns of educational attainment and economic prosperity.
Updated frequently with demographic patterns using Census and other data and illustrate integration of the Census 2010 TIGER/Line shapefiles, Census 2010 P.L. 94-171, Census 2010 Summary File 1, annually updated American Community Survey.
Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California
Colorado Connecticut Delaware D.C. Florida
Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana
Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine
Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi
Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire
New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota
Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island
South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah
Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin
Wyoming

Longitudinal Analysis & Time Series Richer Demographic-Economic Data
Developing current estimates and projections and analyzing trends for school district(s) requires time series data. Having data for the same subject matter and geography for a set of historical years/periods are essential to examine trends and anticipate future demographic-economic conditions.

The richest set of annually updated demographic-economic data for school districts is available from the American Community Survey (ACS). Access these data for specific years using links listed above. As of August 2014, data from the ACS 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 5-year estimate data are available for all school districts. For a given school district that existed for each estimation period, there are three data points with exception of some items that may have changed by definition/scope of question.

The latest, ACS 2012 data are estimates centric to mid 2010 - details at http://proximityone.com/acs0812.htm. The most recent school district data are available via the four web pages listed at http://proximityone.com/sd12dp1.htm.

The ACS 5 year estimates update annually. The annual ACS estimates are for the "most recent" school district boundaries.
  • ACS 2009 data are for school district boundaries as of school year 2007-08
  • ACS 2010 and ACS 2011 (and Census 2010) data are for boundaries as of school year 2009-10
  • ACS 2012 data (available December 2013) will be for boundaries as of school year 2011-12
  • ACS 2013 data (available December 2014) will be for boundaries as of school year 2011-12
  • ACS 2014 data (available December 2015) will be for boundaries as of school year 2013-14
For many states and districts, these boundaries are the same for each vintage.

ProximityOne maintains like-structured datasets for each annual ACS 5-year estimates. The scope of the basic data are shown for ACS 2012: general demographics, social characteristics, economic characteristics and housing characteristics. These datasets can be used in combination to construct time series data. We use these data to develop custom current (the ACS 5 year estimates generally lag by 3-4 years) estimates and projections. Contact Us for more information (mention school district longitudinal analysis).

Additional Notes Regarding Longitudinal Analyses
1) Census 2010 demographics provide:
  • As of August 2014, most recent reference date (4/1/2010) than most recent ACS 2012 5-year data (mid-2010).
  • Are more accurate than any ACS-sourced estimates.
  • Provide more geographic drill down (census block) compared to ACS (block group).
  • Provide more detailed "general demographics" than any ACS-sourced estimates.
  • Provide no "richer demographics" such as educational attainment, income, etc.
2) For applications focused on school districts having 65,000 population or more, use the ACS 1-year estimates.
  • The estimates are more up-to-date than ACS 5-year estimates.
  • The estimates are more accurate than ACS 5-year estimates.
  • But are not available for drill-down geography (e.g. census tracts).

ProximityOne User Group
Join the ProximityOne User Group to keep up-to-date with new developments relating to geographic, demographic, economic and business data. Receive updates and access to tools and resources available only to members. Use this form to join the User Group.

Support Using these Resources
Learn more about accessing and using demographic-economic data and related analytical tools. Join us in a Data Analytics Lab session. There is no fee for these one-hour Web sessions. Each informal session is focused on a specific topic. The open structure also provides for Q&A and discussion of application issues of interest to participants.

Additional Information
ProximityOne develops geographic-demographic-economic data and analytical tools and helps organizations knit together and use diverse data in a decision-making and analytical framework. We develop custom demographic/economic estimates and projections, develop geographic and geocoded address files, and assist with impact and geospatial analyses. Wide-ranging organizations use our tools (software, data, methodologies) to analyze their own data integrated with other data. Follow ProximityOne on Twitter at www.twitter.com/proximityone. Contact ProximityOne (888-364-7656) with questions about data covered in this section or to discuss custom estimates, projections or analyses for your areas of interest.


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